desertion
de·ser·tion n: the forsaking of a person, post, or relationship: as
a: permanent withdrawal from living with one's spouse without the spouse's consent and without cause or justification
◇ Desertion is a ground for divorce in many states.
b: intentional permanent termination of custody over one's child; also: abandonment
c: abandonment of military duty without leave and without the intent to return

Merriam-Webster’s Dictionary of Law. . 1996.

desertion
I noun abandonment, abandonment of allegiance, abjuration, absence without leave, act of forsaking, apostasy, AWOL, defection, departure, derelictio, disaffection, disloyalty, flight, forsaking, forswearing, leaving, mutiny, quitting, recreancy, renouncement, renunciation, repudiation, resignation, secession, unlawful departure, willful abandonment associated concepts: constructive desertion, willful desertion II index absence (nonattendance), dereliction, disloyalty, flight, infidelity, revolt, schism, sedition

Burton's Legal Thesaurus. . 2006


desertion
in both English and Scots family law, the unilateral act (usually but not necessarily by leaving the marital home) of one spouse, without the consent of the other, intended to bring cohabitation to an end. Desertion usually involves one spouse physically leaving the matrimonial home, although this is not strictly necessary if all elements of a shared life have ceased. Desertion may be actual or constructive; the latter occurs where one spouse behaves towards the other in such a way that the others is driven to leave. To constitute a ground for divorce, in both jurisdictions, desertion must be followed by two years of non-cohabitation.

Collins dictionary of law. . 2001.


desertion
The voluntary abandonment of one spouse by the other, without the abandoned spouse's consent. Commonly, desertion occurs when a spouse leaves the marital home for a specified length of time. Desertion is grounds for divorce in states with fault divorce. Desertion can also be the basis for a court to grant an adoption where a parent has deserted a child for a specified period of time. (See also: abandonment)
Category: Divorce & Family Law

Nolo’s Plain-English Law Dictionary. . 2009.


desertion
n. The intentional and indefensible abandonment of a responsibility, such as to military service or to a spouse.

Webster's New World Law Dictionary. . 2000.


desertion
The act by which a person abandons and forsakes, without justification, a condition of public, social, or family life, renouncing its responsibilities and evading its duties. A willful abandonment of an employment or duty in violation of a legal or moral obligation.
Criminal desertion is a husband's or wife's abandonment or willful failure without just cause to provide for the care, protection, or support of a spouse who is in ill health or necessitous circumstances.

Dictionary from West's Encyclopedia of American Law. 2005.


desertion
The act by which a person abandons and forsakes, without justification, a condition of public, social, or family life, renouncing its responsibilities and evading its duties. A willful abandonment of an employment or duty in violation of a legal or moral obligation.
 
Criminal desertion is a husband's or wife's abandonment or willful failure without just cause to provide for the care, protection, or support of a spouse who is in ill health or necessitous circumstances.

Short Dictionary of (mostly American) Legal Terms and Abbreviations.

desertion
n.
   the act of abandoning, particularly leaving one's spouse and/or children without an intent to return. In desertion cases it is often expected that a deserter who is the family breadwinner may not intend to support the family he/she left. Such conduct is less significant legally in the present era of no-fault divorce and standardized rights to child support and alimony (spousal support). Desertion can influence a court in determining visitation, custody and other post-marital issues.

Law dictionary. . 2013.

Synonyms:

Look at other dictionaries:

  • désertion — [ dezɛrsjɔ̃ ] n. f. • 1361 « abandon »; lat. desertio 1 ♦ (XVIIe) Action de déserter, de quitter l armée sans autorisation (⇒ insoumission). Désertion en temps de paix, en temps de guerre. Désertion à l étranger (en quittant le pays); désertion… …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • Desertion — Désertion La désertion est l acte d abandonner ou de retirer l appui à une entité à laquelle quelqu un avait prêté serment ou avait prétendu devoir allégeance, responsabilité ou loyauté. Dans une unité militaire, la désertion est l acte de… …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Desertion — • Brief explanation of the different situations to which this concept applies in canon law Catholic Encyclopedia. Kevin Knight. 2006. Desertion     Desertion      …   Catholic encyclopedia

  • désertion — DÉSERTION. s. fém. Abandonnement. Il se dit principalem. Des soldats qui abandonnent le service sans congé. Le crime de désertion est puni par les Ordonnanses militaires. La désertion des soldats avoit affoibli l armée. Il y a une grande… …   Dictionnaire de l'Académie Française 1798

  • desertion — de cause, Eremodicium. Desertion acquise, Eremodicium commissum. B. L appelant est tombé en desertion, Appellator appellatione cecidit, et tempore exclusus est. B. Pourveu que l appelant ne soit adjourné en desertion d appel, Nisi prouocatus… …   Thresor de la langue françoyse

  • Desertion — De*ser tion (d[ e]*z[ e]r sh[u^]n), n. [L. desertio: cf. F. d[ e]sertion.] 1. The act of deserting or forsaking; abandonment of a service, a cause, a party, a friend, or any post of duty; the quitting of one s duties willfully and without right;… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • desertion — Desertion. s. f. v. Abandonnement. Il se dit principalement des soldats qui abandonnent le service sans congé. Le crime de desertion est puny de mort par les ordonnances militaires. la desertion des soldats avoit affoibli l armée. Desertion d… …   Dictionnaire de l'Académie française

  • desertion — 1590s, from M.Fr. désertion (early 15c.), from L.L. desertionem (nom. desertio) a forsaking, abandoning, noun of action from pp. stem of L. deserere (see DESERT (Cf. desert) (v.)) …   Etymology dictionary

  • desertion — [di zʉr′shən] n. [ME desercioun < OFr desertion < L desertio] 1. a deserting or being deserted 2. Law the willful abandonment of one s spouse, children, etc …   English World dictionary

  • Desertĭon — (v. lat. Desertio), 1) (Criminalr.), das Verbrechen eines Soldaten, der ohne Erlaubniß seine Heeresabtheilung verläßt, um nicht zurückzukehren (Desertor, Deserteur). Bei den Griechen wurde der Deserteur (Automolos, Leipotaketes) meist am Leben… …   Pierer's Universal-Lexikon

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