file
file 1 vb filed, fil·ing
vt
1 a: to submit (a legal document) to the proper office (as the office of a clerk of court) for keeping on file among the records esp. as a procedural step in a legal transaction or proceeding
filed a tax return
a financing statement filed with the Secretary of State
filing a notice of appeal; also: record
filed a mortgage in the Registry of Deeds
◇ In nearly all cases, a document is deemed to be filed when it is actually received by the office to which it is directed. A few cases, however, have held that a document is filed upon the mailing of it.
b: to place (as a document) on file among the records of an office esp. by formally receiving and endorsing
a complaint filed by the clerk despite the absence of the filing fee
2: to return (the documentation in a case) to the records of a clerk of court without any determination of the case; broadly: to conclude (a case) without a determination on its merits
3: to initiate (a judicial or administrative proceeding) by submitting the proper documents or following proper procedure: bring
threatened to file charges
two separate actions were filed by representatives of the estates — J. H. Friedenthal et al.
vi
1: to register as a candidate esp. in a primary election
2: to place items in a file
file 2 n: a collection of papers or publications usu. arranged or classified; specif: the papers that make up the record of a case
on file: in or as if in a file for ready reference

Merriam-Webster’s Dictionary of Law. . 1996.

file
I noun archive, card index, catalogue, classified index, docket, dossier, entry, folder, information, list, notebook, orderly arrangement of papers, record, record of the court, recorded information, register, registry, report, roll associated concepts: duly filed, file a brief, file a complaint, file a lien, file a mortgage, file a reply, file a reply brief, file a summons, file papers, filed in open court, filing fee, filing of a claim, reporting act II (arrange) verb align, arrange methodically, array, assign places to, bring into order, catalogue, categorize, class, classify, codify, collocate, coordinate, distribute, fix the order, grade, graduate, group, limare, line up, make orderly, marshal, organize, pigeonhole, place in order, position, put in array, put in order, range, rank, reduce to order, regulate, set in order, set to rights, sort, subdivide, systematize III (place among official records) verb book, calendar, chronicle, deliver an instrument, deposit among records of the court, docket, document, enroll, enter, inscribe, list, place an instrument in a place of deposit, place in official custody of the clerk, place on record, preserve permanently as a public record, put on record, receive an instrument officially, register, store in the archives associated concepts: docket, filing fee, filing of a deed, filing of a suit, filing of claims, filing of papers, filing of pleadings, late filing, time to file IV index book, classify, defer (put off), distribute, dossier, enroll, enter (record), entry (record), erode, fix (arrange), index (docket), ledger, lineup, organize (arrange), pigeonhole, record (noun), record (verb), register (noun), register (verb), sort, tabulate

Burton's Legal Thesaurus. . 2006


file
n.
The documents that comprise a case, including pleadings, motions, briefs, affidavits, and other papers.
v.
To deposit a document with the court or other proper authority so that it becomes part of the official record.

The Essential Law Dictionary. — Sphinx Publishing, An imprint of Sourcebooks, Inc. . 2008.


file
A term commonly used to describe both the process of submitting a document to a court — for example, "I filed my small claims case today" — and to describe the physical location where these papers are kept. Traditionally, a court's case files were kept indefinitely in one or more cardboard folders. Today most files — especially those for inactive cases — are stored electronically.
Category: Accidents & Injuries
Category: Criminal Law
Category: Representing Yourself in Court
Category: Small Claims Court
Category: Small Claims Court & Lawsuits

Nolo’s Plain-English Law Dictionary. . 2009.


file
1 n. A court's or a lawyer's record of a case.
2 v. The act of submitting a document, generally to a court.

Webster's New World Law Dictionary. . 2000.


file
A record of the court. A paper is said to be filed when it is delivered to the proper officer to be kept on file as a matter of record and reference. But in general the terms file and the files are used loosely to denote the official custody of the court or the place in the offices of a court where the records and papers are kept. The file in a case includes the original complaint and all pleadings and papers belonging thereto.

Dictionary from West's Encyclopedia of American Law. 2005.


file
I
A record of the court. A paper is said to be filed when it is delivered to the proper officer to be kept on file as a matter of record and reference. But in general the terms file and the files are used loosely to denote the official custody of the court or the place in the offices of a court where the records and papers are kept. The file in a case includes the original complaint and all pleadings and papers belonging thereto.
II To place a paper in the official custody of the clerk of court/court administrator to enter into the files or records of a case.

Short Dictionary of (mostly American) Legal Terms and Abbreviations.

file
   1) v. to deposit with the clerk of the court a written complaint or petition which is the opening step in a lawsuit and subsequent documents, including an answer, demurrer, motions, petitions and orders. All of these are placed in a case file which has a specific number assigned to it which must be stated on every document. The term is used: "When are you going to file the complaint," or "The answer will be filed tomorrow."
   2) n. the master folder of a lawsuit kept by the clerk of the court, including all legal pleadings (documents) filed by both sides. Each document in the file must have a stamp showing the date it was received and the name of the clerk who received it. Any document which is filed must be served on the opposing attorney, usually by mail, except that the first paper filed (summons complaint, petition, motion) must be served on all defendants personally (hand delivered by a process server).
   3) n. the record an attorney keeps on a case, containing all papers deposited with the clerk, as well as all correspondence and notes on the case.

Law dictionary. . 2013.

Synonyms:

Look at other dictionaries:

  • file — file …   Dictionnaire des rimes

  • filé — filé …   Dictionnaire des rimes

  • file — [ fil ] n. f. • av. 1464; de filer 1 ♦ Suite (de personnes, de choses) dont les éléments sont placés un par un et l un derrière l autre (à la différence du rang). File de gens. ⇒ colonne, procession. « Barca vit avancer un des miliciens, puis une …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • filé — file [ fil ] n. f. • av. 1464; de filer 1 ♦ Suite (de personnes, de choses) dont les éléments sont placés un par un et l un derrière l autre (à la différence du rang). File de gens. ⇒ colonne, procession. « Barca vit avancer un des miliciens,… …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • File — Aktuelle Version: 5.01 (30. April 2009) Betriebssystem: Multiplattform Kategorie: Remote Access Lizenz: GPL …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • file — Aktuelle Version 5.09 (16. September 2011) Betriebssystem Multiplattform Kategorie Remote Access Lizenz BSD Lizenz Deutschsprachig nein …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • File — (f[imac]l), n. [F. file row (cf. Pr., Sp., Pg., & It. fila), LL. fila, fr. L. filum a thread. Cf. {Enfilade}, {Filament}, {Fillet}.] 1. An orderly succession; a line; a row; as: (a) (Mil.) A row of soldiers ranged one behind another; in… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • File — (f[imac]l), n. [AS. fe[ o]l; akin to D. viji, OHG. f[=i]la, f[=i]hala, G. feile, Sw. fil, Dan. fiil, cf. Icel. [thorn][=e]l, Russ. pila, and Skr. pi[,c] to cut out, adorn; perh. akin to E. paint.] 1. A steel instrument, having cutting ridges or… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • File — has several meanings:* Filing cabinet * File (tool) * A nail file * Filing (legal) * Filing (manufacturing process) * File (formation) Military term for a single column of men one in front of the other. See also Rank (formation) * File (chess) *… …   Wikipedia

  • filé — filé, ée 1. (fi lé, lée) part. passé. 1°   Mis sous forme de fil. Du chanvre filé.    Terme de luthier. Cordes filées, celles qui sont entourées d un fil de laiton comme la grosse corde de violon. 2°   Fig. Il se dit du fil que filent les Parques …   Dictionnaire de la Langue Française d'Émile Littré

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