Genetic Information Nondiscrimination Act
A federal law passed in 2008, which prohibits health insurers and employers from discriminating on the basis of an employee's or applicant's genetic information.
Category: Employment Law & HR

Nolo’s Plain-English Law Dictionary. . 2009.

Genetic Information Nondiscrimination Act
Genetic Information Nondiscrimination Act (GINA)
USA
A federal law prohibiting employment discrimination against employees and applicants based on genetic information (42 U.S.C § 2000ff). Genetic information includes information about:
• Personal genetic tests.
• Genetic tests of family members.
• Family medical history.
GINA specifically prohibits discrimination in the terms and conditions of employment, including hiring, compensation, employment benefits, advancement, employment training, assignments and termination of employment. It also limits an employer's right to collect or disclose genetic information. Harassment and retaliation are prohibited under GINA as well. For more information on retaliation, see Practice Note, Retaliation (www.practicallaw.com/5-501-1430).
GINA applies to private, state government and local government employers that employ 15 or more employees.

Practical Law Dictionary. Glossary of UK, US and international legal terms. . 2010.

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