alibi
al·i·bi n [Latin, elsewhere, from alius other]: a defense of having been somewhere other than at the scene of a crime at the time the crime was committed; also: the fact or state of having been elsewhere at the time a crime was committed
◇ Federal Rule of Criminal Procedure 12.1 requires the defendant to provide notice upon written demand of an intention to offer a defense of alibi. Likewise, the prosecution must provide to the defendant upon written demand the names of witnesses that will be used to rebut the defense.

Merriam-Webster’s Dictionary of Law. . 1996.

alibi
I noun corroborative excuse, declaration, defense, defensive evidence, defensive plea, exculpatory excuse, excuse, explanation, justifiable excuse, justification, justificatory excuse, plausible excuse, plea in being elsewhere, proof of absence, verifiable excuse, verificative excuse associated concepts: affirmative defense, notice of intention to introduce alibi defense, traverse of indictment II index compurgation, excuse, pretext

Burton's Legal Thesaurus. . 2006


alibi
n.
A defense in which the defendant claims to have been someplace other than the scene of a crime when the crime was committed and produces evidence to prove it, thus proving that it was physically impossible for him or her to have committed the crime in question.

The Essential Law Dictionary. — Sphinx Publishing, An imprint of Sourcebooks, Inc. . 2008.


alibi
'elsewhere', the defence in a criminal trial in the UK (and, indeed, the USA) that the accused was somewhere else at the time the alleged crime was committed.
In both England and Scotland, the defence must give the prosecution notice of such a defence.

Collins dictionary of law. . 2001.


alibi
A defense that asserts that the defendant could not have committed the crime because the defendant was somewhere else when the crime took place.
Category: Criminal Law
Category: Small Claims Court & Lawsuits

Nolo’s Plain-English Law Dictionary. . 2009.


alibi
n.
1 In a criminal action, a defense that the defendant was somewhere other than the scene of the crime when the crime was committed.
2 The fact or state of being somewhere other than the scene of the crime when the crime was committed.

Webster's New World Law Dictionary. . 2000.


alibi
Elsewhere; in another place.

Short Dictionary of (mostly American) Legal Terms and Abbreviations.

alibi
n.
   an excuse used by a person accused or suspected of a crime. In the original Latin it means "in another place," which has to be the ultimate alibi.

Law dictionary. . 2013.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • alibi — alibi …   Dictionnaire des rimes

  • alibi — [ alibi ] n. m. • 1394; mot lat. « ailleurs » 1 ♦ Dr. Moyen de défense tiré du fait qu on se trouvait, au moment de l infraction, dans un lieu autre que celui où elle a été commise. Avoir un alibi. Vérifier des alibis. Un alibi sérieux, solide. « …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • alibi — ALIBÍ, alibiuri, s.n. 1. Dovadă de nevinovăţie rezultată din constatarea că, la data săvârşirii infracţiunii, cel învinuit se afla în altă parte decât la locul săvârşirii ei. 2. Mijloc de apărare care aduce în sprijin un alibi (1). 3. fig.… …   Dicționar Român

  • alibi — is properly a legal term meaning ‘a plea that when an alleged act took place one was elsewhere’. The earliest use of alibi (18c) corresponded to that of the Latin adverb meaning ‘elsewhere’: those under suspicion had to prove that they were alibi …   Modern English usage

  • Alibi — Sn (Nachweis über den) Aufenthalt an einem anderen Ort erw. fach. (18. Jh.) Entlehnung. In Anlehnung an frz. alibi m. entlehnt aus l. alibī anderswo , Adverbialbildung zu l. alius ein anderer .    Ebenso nndl. alibi, ne. alibi, nfrz. alibi, nschw …   Etymologisches Wörterbuch der deutschen sprache

  • alibi — {{/stl 13}}{{stl 8}}rz. n ndm {{/stl 8}}{{stl 20}} {{/stl 20}}{{stl 12}}1. {{/stl 12}}{{stl 7}} dowód na to, że osoba podejrzana o popełnienie przestępstwa nie przebywała na jego miejscu w czasie, gdy to przestępstwo zostało popełnione : {{/stl… …   Langenscheidt Polski wyjaśnień

  • alibi — ALIBI. s. m. Terme de Jurisprudence. On s en sert pour dire qu Une personne étoit absente d un lieu, par la raison qu elle étoit alors dans un autre, Il n a point d S au pluriel. La fausseté de cette pièce a été prouvée par un alibi. Prouver l… …   Dictionnaire de l'Académie Française 1798

  • alibi — ALIBI. s. m. Il n a point d s au pluriel. Presence d une personne dans un lieu esloigné de celuy où l on pretend qu elle estoit dans le mesme temps. La fausseté de cette piece, de cette accusation a esté prouvée par un alibi. l accusé demande à… …   Dictionnaire de l'Académie française

  • Alibi — Al i*bi, n. [L., elsewhere, at another place. See {Alias}.] (Law) The plea or mode of defense under which a person on trial for a crime proves or attempts to prove that he was in another place when the alleged act was committed; as, to set up an… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • alibi — / alibi/ s.m. [dal lat. alĭbi, avv., altrove ]. 1. (giur.) [prova con cui un indiziato dimostra di essersi trovato altrove quando fu commesso un reato]. 2. (estens.) [motivazione che giustifica o discolpa] ▶◀ attenuante, giustificazione, pretesto …   Enciclopedia Italiana

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