abortion
abor·tion /ə-'bȯr-shən/ n
1: the termination of a pregnancy after, accompanied by, or closely followed by the death of the embryo or fetus; esp: the medical procedure of inducing expulsion of a human fetus to terminate a pregnancy
2: the crime of procuring or performing an illegal abortion
a conspiracy to commit abortion — W. R. LaFave and A. W. Scott, Jr. see also roe v. wade and webster v. reproductive health services in the important cases section

Merriam-Webster’s Dictionary of Law. . 1996.

abortion
I (feticide) noun aborticide, abortio, expulsion of a fetus, termination of a pregnancy II (fiasco) noun blunder, clumsiness, dereliction, disablement, disaster, failure, folly, frustration, inability, incapacity, incompetence, incompetency, ineffectuality, inefficacy, ineptitude, inexpertness, insufficiency, nonfulfilment, quackery, unskillfulness, vain attempt, vain effort, want of success III index miscarriage

Burton's Legal Thesaurus. . 2006


abortion
n.
The premature ending of a pregnancy; in legal context, generally refers to a deliberate termination, though the term can also apply to spontaneous natural expulsion of a fetus before it becomes viable.
v.
abort

The Essential Law Dictionary. — Sphinx Publishing, An imprint of Sourcebooks, Inc. . 2008.


abortion
termination of a pregnancy before it is complete, with the purpose of destroying the foetus.
In English criminal law, procuring an abortion was a felony and indeed it is still subject to the provisions of the Abortion Act 1967 (as amended by the Human Fertilisation and Embryology Act 1990). In the criminal law of Scotland it is the crime of procuring an early termination of a pregnancy and disposal of the foetus with felonious intent. Either or both the woman and the abortionist may be charged. Under the 1967 Act, which applies in both jurisdictions, no offence is committed where the pregnancy is terminated by a registered medical practitioner if two medical practitioners are of the bona fide opinion (bona fides) that allowing the pregnancy to continue would involve risk to the woman's life or result in injury to the physical or mental health of the woman or her family. If the foetus were to be born seriously handicapped, this too is a ground. A husband cannot prevent a wife having an abortion: Paton v . Trustees of British Pregnancy Advisory Service [1978] 2 All ER 987. Kelly v . Kelly [1997] SCT 816. Practitioners have a 'conscience clause' in the Act, which means that they do not have to be involved in performing abortions.
In the USA there was a famous decision allowing abortion, Roe v. Wade, 410 US 113 (1973), and despite subsequent retrenchment at a practical level in Webster v. Reproductive Health Services (1989) 492 US 490, the constitutional right remains: Planned Parenthood of South-eastern Pennsylvania v. Casey, 505 US 833 (1992).

Collins dictionary of law. . 2001.


abortion
The termination of a pregnancy by the removal, by surgical or other means, of an embryo or fetus from a woman's uterus. Until 1973 abortion was considered a crime unless performed by physicians to protect the life of the mother. The Supreme Court ruled in the case of Roe v. Wade (1973) that a woman had the right to choose abortion to end a pregnancy through the first trimester. In the latter stages of pregnancy, danger to the life of the mother could still justify a legal abortion.
Category: Divorce & Family Law

Nolo’s Plain-English Law Dictionary. . 2009.


abortion
n.
1 The premature termination of a pregnancy.
2 The intentional and artificial termination of a pregnancy that destroys an embryo or fetus.
3 The spontaneous expulsion of an embryo or fetus before it is capable of living outside the womb.

Webster's New World Law Dictionary. . 2000.


abortion
The spontaneous or artificially induced expulsion of an embryo or fetus. As used in legal context, the term usually refers to induced abortion.

Dictionary from West's Encyclopedia of American Law. 2005.


abortion
The spontaneous or artificially induced expulsion of an embryo or fetus. As used in legal context, the term usually refers to induced abortion.

Short Dictionary of (mostly American) Legal Terms and Abbreviations.

abortion
n.
   the termination of pregnancy by various means, including medical surgery, before the fetus is able to sustain independent life. Until 1973 abortion was considered a crime (by the mother and the doctor) unless performed by physicians to protect the life of the mother, a phrase often broadly interpreted. Untrained persons performed thousands of abortions each year in the U.S. using hasty, unsanitary and dangerous means, resulting in maiming, permanent damage of organs, and death of many women. The Supreme Court ruled in the case of Roe v. Wade (1973) that a woman had the right to choose abortion to end a pregnancy through the first trimester (three months) of gestation. In the latter stages of pregnancy, danger to the life of the mother could still justify a legal abortion. Political struggles followed over legalized abortions. Some state legislatures passed limitations such as requiring teenage girls to obtain their parents' consent in order to get an abortion. Despite appointment of anti-abortion justices by Presidents Reagan and Bush, the Supreme Court has not over-turned the basic Wade case rule. President Bill Clinton's appointments are expected to make legalized abortion continue in the future.

Law dictionary. . 2013.

Synonyms:

Look at other dictionaries:

  • ABORTION — is defined as the artificial termination of a woman s pregnancy. In the Biblical Period A monetary penalty was imposed for causing abortion of a woman s fetus in the course of a quarrel, and the penalty of   death if the woman s own death… …   Encyclopedia of Judaism

  • Abortion — • Briefly defined as the loss of a fetal life. Catholic Encyclopedia. Kevin Knight. 2006. Abortion     Abortion     † …   Catholic encyclopedia

  • Abortion — A*bor tion ([.a]*b[^o]r sh[u^]n), n. [L. abortio, fr. aboriri. See {Abort}.] 1. The act of giving premature birth; particularly, the expulsion of the human fetus prematurely, or before it is capable of sustaining life; miscarriage. [1913 Webster] …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • abortion — (n.) 1540s, from L. abortionem (nom. abortio) miscarriage, abortion, noun of action from pp. stem of aboriri (see ABORTIVE (Cf. abortive)). Earlier noun in English was simple abort (early 15c.). Originally of both deliberate and unintended… …   Etymology dictionary

  • abortion — ⇒ABORTION, subst. fém. MÉDECINE 1. Thérapeutique par laquelle s interrompt avant son terme le processus habituel d une maladie évolutive : • 1. Quand le malade, cas ordinaire, n est pris en traitement que 4, 6, 8 jours après le début, il n y a… …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • abortion — abortion, miscarriage denote the premature expulsion of a fetus before it is capable of living independently. Abortion may connote purposeful induction of the process either illicitly in order to avoid childbearing or therapeutically to protect… …   New Dictionary of Synonyms

  • abortion — [n1] expulsion of fetus aborticide, feticide, misbirth, miscarriage, termination; concepts 230,699 abortion [n2] failure disappointment, disaster, fiasco, misadventure, premature delivery; concepts 304,308,674 Ant. continuation, success …   New thesaurus

  • abortion — ► NOUN 1) the deliberate termination of a human pregnancy. 2) the natural expulsion of a fetus from the womb before it is able to survive independently. 3) informal, derogatory something imperfectly planned or made. DERIVATIVES abortionist noun… …   English terms dictionary

  • abortion — [ə bôr′shən] n. [L abortio: see ABORT] 1. a) any spontaneous expulsion of an embryo or a fetus before it is sufficiently developed to survive; miscarriage b) any deliberate procedure that removes, or induces the expulsion of, a living or dead… …   English World dictionary

  • Abortion — Induced abortion Classification and external resources ICD 10 O04 …   Wikipedia

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