judge
judge 1 /'jəj/ vb judged, judg·ing [Old French jugier, from Latin judicare, from judic- judex judge, from jus right, law + dicere to decide, say]
vt
1: to hear and decide (as a litigated question) in a court of justice
judge a case
2: to pronounce after inquiry and deliberation
he was judged incompetent
vi: to make a determination: decide
judge between two accounts
judge 2 n: a public official vested with the authority to hear, determine, and preside over legal matters brought in court; also: one (as a justice of the peace) who performs one or more functions of such an official

Merriam-Webster’s Dictionary of Law. . 1996.

judge
I noun adjudger, adjudicator, administrator of justice, arbiter, arbitrator, assessor, chancellor, the court, her honor, his honor, honorable justice, intercessor, interpreter, iudex, jurist, justice, justicer, magistrate, moderator, negotiator, one who dispenses justice, praetor, quaesitor, referee, surrogate, umpire, your honor associated concepts: administrative judge, appellate judge, chief judge, County Court judge, Court of Appeals judge, Court of Claims judge, District Court judge, Family Court Judge, inferior court judge, judge de facto, judge of a court of record, justice of the peace, Justice of the Supreme Court, law clerk, lay judge, magistrates, presiding judge, removal of a judge, superior court judge, Surrogate, town judge foreign phrases:
- In propria causa nemo judex. — No one can be a judge in his own case
- Ignorantia judicis est calamitas innocentis. — The ignorance of a judge is the misfortune of the innocent.
- Judex bonus nihil ex arbitrio suo faciat, nec propositione domesticae voluntatis, sed juxta leges et jura pronunciet. — A good judge should do nothing of his own arbitrary will, nor on the dictate of his personal wishes, but should decide according to law and justice
- Veritas habenda est in juratore; justitia et judicium in judice. — Truth should be possessed by a juror, justice and judgment by a judge
- Judicium a non suo judice datum nullius est momenti. — A judgment rendered by one who is not the proper judge is of no force
- Quicquid judicis auctoritati subjicitur, novitati non subjicitur. — Whatever is subject to the authority of a judge is not subject to innovation
- Sententia a non judice lata nemini debet nocere. — A sentence or judgment rendered by a person who is not a judge ought not to harm anyone.
- Respiciendum est judicanti ne quid aut durius aut remissius constituatur quam causa deposcit; nec enim aut severitatis aut clementiae gloria affectan da est — It is a matter of import to a judge that nothing should be either more leniently or more severely construed than the cause itself demands, for the glory neither of severity nor clemency should be affected
- Judicis est in pronuntiando sequi regulam, exceptione non probata. — The judge in his decision ought to follow the rule, the exception not having been proved
- Nemo potest esse simul actor et judex. — No one can be at the same time judge and suitor
- Praxis judicum est interpres legum. — The practice of judges is the interpreter of the laws
- Judex non potest injuriam sibi datam punire. — A judge cannot punish a wrong done to himself
- Boni judicis est ampliare justitiam. — It is the duty of a good judge to make precedents which amplify justice.
- Quemadmodum ad quaestionem facti non respondent judices, ita ad quaestionem juris non respondent juratores. — Just as judges do not answer questions of fact, so jurors do not answer questions of law
- Boni judicis est judicium sine dilatione mandare executioni. — It is the duty of a good judge to issue judgments without delay.
- De jure judices, de facto juratores, respondent. — Judges decide questions of law, jurors, questions of fact
- Ubi non est manifesta injustitia, judices habentur pro bonis viris, et judicatum pro veritate. — Where there is no manifest injustice, judges are to be regarded as honest men, and their judgment as truth
- Judex damnatur cum nocens absolvitur. — A judge is condemned when a guilty person is acquitted.
- Nemo sibi esse judex vel suis jus dicere debet. — No man ought to be his own judge, or to administer the law in cases involving his family
- Judici officium suum excedenti non paretur. — No obedience is to be given to a judge exceeding his office or jurisdiction
- Non refert quid notum sit judici, si notum non sit in forma judicii. — It matters not what is known to a judge, if it be not known in a judicial form
- Judex debet judicare secundum allegata et probata. — A judge ought to decide according to the allegations and the proofs
- Judex non potest esse testis in propria causa. — A judge cannot be a witness in his own case
- In re propria iniquum admodum est alicui licentiam tribuere sententiae. — It is unjust for anyone to assign to himself the privilege of deciding his own case
- De fide et officio judicis non recipitur quaestio, sed de scientia, sive sit error juris, sive facti. — The good faith and honesty of a judge are not to be questioned, but his knowledge, whether it be in error of law or fact, may be
- Judex ante oculos aequitatem semper habere debet. — A judge ought always to have equity before his eyes.
- Judices non tenentur exprimere causam sententiae suae. — Judges are not bound to explain the reason for their sentences.
- Judex aequitatem semper spectare debet. — A judge ought always to regard equity
- Bonus judex secundum aequum et bonum judicat, et aequitatem stricto juri praefert. — Good judges decide according to what is just and right, and prefer equity to strict law
- Ad questiones facti non respondent judices; ad questiones legis non respondent juratores. — Judges do not answer to a question of fact, jurors do not answer to a question of law
- Qui aliquid statuerit, parte inaudita altera, aequum licet dixerit, haud aequum fecerit. — He who decides anything without hearing both sides, although he may decide correctly, has by no means acted justly
- Judex habere debet duos sales, – salem sapientiae, ne sit insipidus; et salem conscientiae, ne sit diabolus. — A judge ought to have two salts, – the salt of wisdom, lest he be insipid, and the salt of conscience, lest he be devilish.
- Optimam esse legem, quae minimum relinquit arbitrio judicis; id quod certitudo ejus praestat. — That law is the best which leaves the least discretion to the judge; this is an advantage which results from its certainty
- Optima est lex quae minimum relinquit arbitrio judicis; optimus judex qui minimum sibi. — That is the best system of law which leaves the least to the discretion of the judge; that judge is the best who leaves the least to his own discretion
- Optimus judex, qui minimum sibi. — He is the best judge who leaves the least to his own discretion
- Judicis officium est opus diei in die suo perficere. — It is the duty of a judge to finish the day's work within that day.
- Judicis est judicare secundum allegata et probata. — It is the duty of a judge to decide according to the allegations and proofs.
- Quam rationabilis debet esse finis, non definitur, sed omnibus circumstantiis inspectis pendet ex justiciariorum discretione. — What a reasonable fine ought to be is not defined, but is left to the discretion of the judges, all the circumstances being considered.
II verb adjudge, adjudicate, appraise, arbitrate, ascertain, assess, censere, conclude, condemn, consider, criticize, decide, decree, deduce, deem, derive, determine, discern, draw a conclusion, estimate, examine, find, hold, infer, interpret, iudicare, iudicium exercere, moderate, negotiate, pass sentence upon, pass under review, perceive, pronounce, reckon, referee, reprobate, resolve, review, rule on, sentence, settle, sit in judgment, try, try a case, umpire, value, weigh foreign phrases:
- Judicis est jus dice re, non dare. — It is the duty of a judge to declare the law, not to make it.
- Judex est lex loquens. — The judge is the law speaking, that is, he is the mouthpiece of the law.
- Boni judicis est ampliare justitiam. — It is the duty of a good judge to enlarge his remedial authority.
III index adjudge, adjudicate, arbitrate (adjudge), assess (appraise), bench, censor, conclude (decide), construe (comprehend), criticize (evaluate), decide, decree, deduce, deduct (conclude by reasoning), deem, deliberate, determine, diagnose, discern (discriminate), distinguish, estimate, evaluate, expect (consider probable), find (determine), gauge, guess, hear (give a legal hearing), hold (decide), intercede, jurist, magistrate, measure, opine, presume, presuppose, pronounce (pass judgment), rate, reason (conclude), rebuke, referee, speculate (conjecture), surmise, suspect (think), try (conduct a trial), umpire, vote

Burton's Legal Thesaurus. . 2006


judge
n.
An officer who presides over and decides cases in a court.
v.
To decide a legal case; to form an opinion about a matter.
abbrv.
J

The Essential Law Dictionary. — Sphinx Publishing, An imprint of Sourcebooks, Inc. . 2008.


judge
1) An official with the authority and responsibility to preside in a court, try lawsuits, and make legal rulings. Judges are almost always attorneys. In some states, "justices of the peace" may need only pass a test, and federal and state "administrative law judges" are often lawyer or nonlawyer hearing officers specializing in the subject matter upon which they are asked to rule.
2) The word "court" often refers to the judge, as in the phrase< "The court found the defendant at fault," or "May it please the court?" when addressing the judge.
3) To make a legal conclusion, as in "The court judged the defense of self-defense to be unpersuasive."
Category: Criminal Law
Category: Small Claims Court & Lawsuits

Nolo’s Plain-English Law Dictionary. . 2009.

judge
An officer of the Crown who hears court proceedings and administers justice.

Practical Law Dictionary. Glossary of UK, US and international legal terms. . 2010.


judge
n. An appointed or elected official responsible for conducting a court in which he or she resolves legal controversies.

Webster's New World Law Dictionary. . 2000.


judge
To make a decision or reach a conclusion after examining all the factual evidence presented.
To form an opinion after evaluating the facts and applying the law.
A public officer chosen or elected to preside over and to administer the law in a court of justice; one who controls the proceedings in a courtroom and decides questions of law (See question of law) or discretion.

Dictionary from West's Encyclopedia of American Law. 2005.


judge
I
To make a decision or reach a conclusion after examining all the factual evidence presented.
 
To form an opinion after evaluating the facts and applying the law.
 
A public officer chosen or elected to preside over and to administer the law in a court of justice; one who controls the proceedings in a courtroom and decides questions of law or discretion.
II A presiding officer of the court.

Short Dictionary of (mostly American) Legal Terms and Abbreviations.

judge
   1) n. an official with the authority and responsibility to preside in a court, try lawsuits and make legal rulings. Judges are almost always attorneys. In some states, "justices of the peace" may need only to pass a test, and federal and state "administrative law judges" are often lawyer or non-lawyer hearing officers specializing in the subject matter upon which they are asked to rule. The word "court" often refers to the judge, as in the phrase "the court found the defendant at fault," or "may it please the court," when addressing the judge. The word "bench" also refers to the judge or judges in general. Judges on appeals courts are usually called "justices." Judges of courts established by a state at the county, district, city or township level, gain office by election, by appointment by the Governor or by some judicial selection process in case of a vacancy. Federal judges are appointed for life by the President of the United States with confirmation by the U.S. Senate. A senator of the same party as the President has considerable clout in recommending Federal judges from his/her home state.
   2) v. to rule on a legal matter, including determining the result in a trial if there is no jury.

Law dictionary. . 2013.

Synonyms:

Look at other dictionaries:

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  • Judge — (j[u^]j), n. [OE. juge, OF. & F. juge, fr. OF. jugier, F. juger, to judge. See {Judge}, v. i.] [1913 Webster] 1. (Law) A public officer who is invested with authority to hear and determine litigated causes, and to administer justice between… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • Judge — Judge, v. i. [imp. & p. p. {Judged} (j[u^]jd); p. pr. & vb. n. {Judging}.] [OE. jugen, OF. jugier, F. juger, L. judicare, fr. judex judge; jus law or right + dicare to proclaim, pronounce, akin to dicere to say. See {Just}, a., and {Diction}, and …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • judge — vb 1 Judge, adjudge, adjudicate, arbitrate mean to decide something in dispute or controversy upon its merits and upon evidence. All these words imply the existence of a competent legal tribunal or of its equivalent. Judge implies mainly the… …   New Dictionary of Synonyms

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  • judge — [juj] n. [ME juge < OFr < L judex, a judge, lit., one who points out the right < jus, law + dicere, to say, point out: see JURY1 & DICTION] 1. an elected or appointed public official with authority to hear and decide cases in a court of… …   English World dictionary

  • Judge — Judge, v. t. 1. To hear and determine by authority, as a case before a court, or a controversy between two parties. Chaos [shall] judge the strife. Milton. [1913 Webster] 2. To examine and pass sentence on; to try; to doom. [1913 Webster] God… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • judge — [n] person who arbitrates adjudicator, appraiser, arbiter, assessor, authority, bench, chancellor, conciliator, court, critic, evaluator, expert, honor, inspector, intercessor, intermediary, interpreter, judiciary, justice, justice of peace,… …   New thesaurus

  • Judge — (engl., spr. dschöddsch), der Richter. Im engern Sinne werden Judges die Mitglieder der höhern Gerichte genannt, im Unterschied von den Justices (of the peace), den Friedensrichtern (s. Friedensgerichte; vgl. England [Rechtspflege], S. 804) …   Meyers Großes Konversations-Lexikon

  • judge — ► NOUN 1) a public officer appointed to decide cases in a law court. 2) a person who decides the results of a competition. 3) a person able or qualified to give an opinion. ► VERB 1) form an opinion about. 2) give a verdict on in a law court. 3) …   English terms dictionary

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