magistrate
mag·is·trate /'ma-jə-ˌstrāt, -strət/ n [Latin magistratus magistracy, magistrate, from magistr- magister master, political superior]
1: a civil or judicial official vested with limited judicial powers
a family support magistrate
a traffic magistrate
2 a: a municipal, state, or federal judicial officer commonly authorized to issue warrants, hear minor cases, and conduct preliminary or pretrial hearings – called also magistrate judge;
b: an official (as a judge) authorized to perform the role or function of a magistrate
magistrate means an officer having power to issue a warrant for the arrest of a person charged with a public offenseArizona Revised Statutes

Merriam-Webster’s Dictionary of Law. . 1996.

magistrate
I noun arbitrator, assessor, judge, jurist, justice, legist, magistratus, moderator, officer, official II index bench, caretaker (one fulfilling the function of office), judge, jurist

Burton's Legal Thesaurus. . 2006


magistrate
n.
A public official with judicial, executive, or legislative power granted by the government, often functioning as a judge over minor matters or a justice of the peace.

The Essential Law Dictionary. — Sphinx Publishing, An imprint of Sourcebooks, Inc. . 2008.


magistrate
an inferior judge. In England and Scotland, they are primary lay posts filled by ordinary members of the public. Stipendiaries are qualified lawyers who hold the post in the busiest courts.

Collins dictionary of law. . 2001.


magistrate
1) In the U.S., a generic term for a court judge.
2) In a few U.S. states, a justice of the peace or other lower-level officer of the court, with limited power to hear certain types of cases, such as small claims lawsuits or minor crimes, or to conduct particular types of proceedings, such as preliminary hearings.
3) In U.S. federal district courts, a magistrate judge is an official who conducts routine hearings assigned by the federal judges, including preliminary hearings in criminal cases.
Category: Small Claims Court & Lawsuits

Nolo’s Plain-English Law Dictionary. . 2009.


magistrate
n. A judicial officer of limited jurisdiction or responsibility; colloquially used as a synonym for judge.

Webster's New World Law Dictionary. . 2000.


magistrate
Any individual who has the power of a public civil officer or inferior judicial officer, such as a justice of the peace.

Dictionary from West's Encyclopedia of American Law. 2005.


magistrate
I
Any individual who has the power of a public civil officer or inferior judicial officer, such as a justice of the peace.
II Judicial officer exercising some of the functions of a judge. It also refers in a general way to a judge. See U.S. Magistrate Judge

Short Dictionary of (mostly American) Legal Terms and Abbreviations.

magistrate
n.
   1) a generic term for any judge of a court, or anyone officially performing a judge's functions.
   2) in a few states, an officer of the court at the lowest level who hears small claims lawsuits, serves as a judge for charges of minor crimes and/or conducts preliminary hearings in criminal cases to determine if there is enough evidence presented by the prosecution to hold the accused for trial.
   3) in federal courts, an official who conducts routine hearings assigned by the federal judges, including preliminary hearings in criminal cases.

Law dictionary. . 2013.

Synonyms:
(in civil service)


Look at other dictionaries:

  • magistrate — ma‧gis‧trate [ˈmædʒstreɪt, strt] noun [countable] LAW someone who judges less serious crimes in a court of law: • The judge overturned a magistrate s decision that the documents should remain confidential. • He filed a suit (= brought a case to …   Financial and business terms

  • magistrate — (n.) late 14c., civil officer in charge of administering laws, from O.Fr. magistrat, from L. magistratus a magistrate, public functionary, originally magisterial rank or office, from magistrare serve as a magistrate, from magister chief, director …   Etymology dictionary

  • magistrate — [maj′istrāt΄, maj′istrit] n. [ME < L magistratus < magister,MASTER] 1. a civil officer empowered to administer the law: the President of the U.S. is sometimes called chief magistrate 2. a minor official with limited judicial powers, as a… …   English World dictionary

  • Magistrate — Mag is*trate, n. [L. magistratus, fr. magister master: cf. F. magistrat. See {Master}.] A person clothed with power as a public civil officer; a public civil officer invested with the executive government, or some branch of it. All Christian… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • magistrate — [n] civil officer bailiff, JP, judge, justice, justice of the peace; concept 354 …   New thesaurus

  • magistrate — ► NOUN ▪ a civil officer who administers the law, especially one who conducts a court concerned with minor offences and holds preliminary hearings for more serious ones. ORIGIN Latin magistratus administrator , from magister master …   English terms dictionary

  • Magistrate — For the musical group, see Magistrates (band). Magistrate Sir Lyman Poore Duff, a former judge of the Supreme Court of Canada Occupation Names Judge, Justice of the Peace, magistrat …   Wikipedia

  • magistrate — noun ADJECTIVE ▪ examining (BrE), investigating, licensing (BrE) ▪ chief, senior (BrE) ▪ presiding (BrE) ▪ …   Collocations dictionary

  • magistrate — A judge or justice of an inferior court; a mayor; a justice of the peace. A judge of court, such as a police court, mayor s court, or justice s court, the jurisdiction of which is restricted to the trial of misdemeanors and the conducting of… …   Ballentine's law dictionary

  • Magistrate —    A public civil officer invested with authority. The Hebrew shophetim, or judges, were magistrates having authority in the land (Deut. 1:16, 17). In Judg. 18:7 the word magistrate (A.V.) is rendered in the Revised Version possessing authority …   Easton's Bible Dictionary

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