own recognizance
(OR)
A way the defendant can get out of jail pending trial on the charges, without paying bail, by promising to appear in court when next required to be there. Sometimes called "personal recognizance." Only those with strong ties to the community, such as a steady job, local family, and no history of failing to appear in court are good candidates for "OR" release. If the charge is very serious, however, OR may not be an option.
Category: Criminal Law
Category: Small Claims Court & Lawsuits

Nolo’s Plain-English Law Dictionary. . 2009.

own recognizance
   (O.R.)
n.
   the basis for a judge allowing a person accused of a crime to be free while awaiting trial, without posting bail, on the defendant's own promise to appear and his/her reputation. The judge may consider the seriousness of the crime charged, the likelihood the defendant will always appear, the length of time the person has lived in the area, his/her reputation in the community, his/her employment, financial burdens and the demeanor of the accused. In minor crimes, traffic offenses and technical law violations such as leaky septic systems, judges routinely grant release on one's own recognizance.
   See also: bail, O.R.

Law dictionary. . 2013.

Look at other dictionaries:

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  • release on own recognizance — v. To release a defendant in a criminal case without bail, with only a promise from the defendant to return to stand trial. The Essential Law Dictionary. Sphinx Publishing, An imprint of Sourcebooks, Inc. Amy Hackney Blackwell. 2008. release on… …   Law dictionary

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  • on a person's own recognizance — Release of a person from custody without the payment of any bail or posting of bond, upon the promise to return to court. Short Dictionary of (mostly American) Legal Terms and Abbreviations …   Law dictionary

  • recognizance — re·cog·ni·zance /ri käg nə zəns/ n [Anglo French recognisance reconisance, literally, recognition, from Old French reconoisance, from reconoistre to recognize, from Latin recognoscere] 1: an obligation entered into on the record before a court or …   Law dictionary

  • recognizance — re‧cog‧ni‧zance [rɪˈkɒgnɪzns ǁ ˈkɑːg ] also recognisance noun [countable] LAW a promise that someone makes in a court of law. If they do not keep this promise, they have to pay money to the court: • The two men were released on their own… …   Financial and business terms

  • recognizance, one's own — >> release on own recognizance. Webster s New World Law Dictionary. Susan Ellis Wild. 2000 …   Law dictionary

  • recognizance — n. (legal) on one s own recognizance (she was released on her own recognizance) * * * [rɪ kɒgnɪz(ə)ns] (legal) on one s own recognizance (she was released on her own recognizance) …   Combinatory dictionary

  • recognizance — /ri kog neuh zeuhns, kon euh /, n. 1. Law. a. a bond or obligation of record entered into before a court of record or a magistrate, binding a person to do a particular act. b. the sum pledged as surety on such a bond. 2. Archaic. recognition. 3.… …   Universalium

  • Recognizance — In some common law nations, a recognizance is a conditional obligation undertaken by a person before a court. It is an obligation of record, entered into before a court or magistrate duly authorized, whereby the party bound acknowledges… …   Wikipedia

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