preemption
pre·emp·tion /prē-'emp-shən/ n [Medieval Latin praeemption- praeemptio previous purchase, from praeemere to buy before]
1 a: the right of purchasing before others: preemptive right
b: a right to purchase a tract of public land before others that was given by the government to the actual occupant of the land
◇ This sense of preemption is primarily of historical importance.
2: a doctrine in conflicts of law: when a superior government (as of a state) has undertaken to regulate a subject its laws supersede those of an inferior government (as of a municipality)
◇ According to the doctrine of preemption, federal law supersedes state law when federal law is in conflict with a state law on a subject or when there is congressional intent to regulate a subject to the exclusion of the states. Federal preemption is based on the supremacy clause of the U.S. Constitution and is closely related to the powers granted Congress in the commerce clause.
3: an act or instance of preempting

Merriam-Webster’s Dictionary of Law. . 1996.

preemption
I noun appropriation, displacement, exclusion, preclusion, replacement, substitution, supersedence, supersession, supervention, supplanting associated concepts: federal preemption, preemption doctrine II index taking

Burton's Legal Thesaurus. . 2006


preemption
n.
(1) Acting before someone else; forestalling.
(2) Purchasing something before someone else has the opportunity to do so.
(3) A doctrine holding that federal laws take precedence over state laws in certain situations, and that states may not pass laws that are inconsistent with federal ones.

The Essential Law Dictionary. — Sphinx Publishing, An imprint of Sourcebooks, Inc. . 2008.


preemption
1) The principle that a federal law supercedes a state law (and a state law supercedes a local law) where both governments have made laws on the same subject and the laws conflict.
2) The right of purchasing before others (for example, a preemptive right).
Category: Business, LLCs & Corporations
Category: Small Claims Court & Lawsuits

Nolo’s Plain-English Law Dictionary. . 2009.


preemption
n.
1 In law, the doctrine coming from the Supremacy Clause of the United States Constitution asserting that in legislation on the same subject, federal legislation takes supremacy over state or local laws.
2 The right to buy something before anybody else.
3 An earlier seizure of some property, real or personal.

Webster's New World Law Dictionary. . 2000.


preemption
A doctrine based on the SUPREMACY CLAUSE of the U.S. Constitution that holds that certain matters are of such a national, as opposed to local, character that federal laws preempt or take precedence over state laws. As such, a state may not pass a law inconsistent with the federal law.
A doctrine of state law that holds that a state law displaces a local law or regulation that is in the same field and is in conflict or inconsistent with the state law.

Dictionary from West's Encyclopedia of American Law. 2005.


preemption
A doctrine based on the supremacy clause of the U.S. Constitution that holds that certain matters are of such a national, as opposed to local, character that federal laws preempt or take precedence over state laws. As such, a state may not pass a law inconsistent with the federal law.
 
A doctrine of state law that holds that a state law displaces a local law or regulation that is in the same field and is in conflict or inconsistent with the state law.

Short Dictionary of (mostly American) Legal Terms and Abbreviations.

preemption
n.
   the rule of law that if the federal government through Congress has enacted legislation on a subject matter it shall be controlling over state laws and/or preclude the state from enacting laws on the same subject if Congress has specifically stated it has "occupied the field." If Congress has not clearly claimed preemption, a federal or state court may decide the issue on the basis of history of the legislation (debate in Congress) and practice. Example: federal standards of meat or other products have preempted state laws. However, federal and state legislation on narcotics control may parallel each other.

Law dictionary. . 2013.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • PRÉEMPTION — Faculté conférée à une personne, par la loi ou par un contrat, d’acquérir un bien par préférence à une autre. Les codes de certains pays étrangers ont des dispositions générales sur la préemption (Allemagne fédérale, Autriche). En France, cette… …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • Preemption — or pre emption may refer to: Legal Federal preemption, displacement of U.S. state law by U.S. Federal law Preemption is also sometimes used in the United States to refer to the displacing effect state laws might have on ordinances enacted by… …   Wikipedia

  • Preemption — Pre*[ e]mp tion (?; 215), n. [Pref. pre + emption: cf. F. pr[ e]emption. See {Redeem}.] The act or right of purchasing before others. Specifically: (a) The privilege or prerogative formerly enjoyed by the king of buying provisions for his… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • preemption — ☆ preemption or pre emption [prē emp′shən ] n. [< ML preemptus, pp. of preemere, to buy beforehand < L prae , before (see PRE ) + emere, to buy (see REDEEM)] 1. the act or right of buying land, etc. before, or in preference to, others; esp …   English World dictionary

  • preemption — /priyem(p)shan/ Doctrine adopted by U.S. Supreme Court holding that certain matters are of such a national, as opposed to local, character that federal laws preempt or take precedence over state laws. As such, a state may not pass a law… …   Black's law dictionary

  • preemption — /pree emp sheuhn/, n. the act or right of claiming or purchasing before or in preference to others. Also, pre emption. [1595 1605; < ML praeëmpt(us) bought beforehand (ptp. of praeëmere) + ION. See PRE , EMPTOR] * * * U.S. policy that allowed the …   Universalium

  • Préemption — Cette page d’homonymie répertorie les différents sujets et articles partageant un même nom.  Ne doit pas être confondu avec péremption. La préemption peut désigner: En informatique, la préemption est la capacité d un système d exploitation… …   Wikipédia en Français

  • préemption — (pré an psion) s. f. Action d acheter d avance.    Droit de préemption, droit qui consiste à pouvoir prendre ou revendiquer parfois un objet avant toutes autres personnes. •   Il y a des cas où certains propriétaires ont le droit de préemption… …   Dictionnaire de la Langue Française d'Émile Littré

  • PRÉEMPTION — n. f. Action d’acheter d’avance. Droit de préemption, Droit de prendre ou de revendiquer en payant un objet avant toute autre personne. Il se dit, en termes d’Administration, du Droit que la douane revendique, d’acheter, au prix déclaré, une… …   Dictionnaire de l'Academie Francaise, 8eme edition (1935)

  • preemption — preempt pre‧empt [priːˈempt] also pre empt verb [transitive] to make what someone else has planned to do or say unnecessary, impossible, or ineffective by doing or saying something first: • The salesperson may try to pre empt the customer s… …   Financial and business terms

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