quiet title action
A lawsuit to determine who owns a piece of real estate and so "quiet" any disputes over the title. Such a suit arises when there is some question about title — for example, uncertainty about the boundary, claims by a lienholder, a question about an old mortgage, or an easement that's been used for years without a recorded description. A quiet title lawsuit names as defendants anyone who might have an interest (including descendants — known or unknown — of prior owners). Notice of the action must be posted on the property and published in an approved local newspaper. If the court rules that the plaintiff is the rightful owner, it will grant a quiet title judgment, which can be recorded and will settle the issue of ownership. Quiet title actions are a common example of "friendly" lawsuits in which often there is no opposition. (See also: cloud on title)
Category: Real Estate & Rental Property → Homeowners

Nolo’s Plain-English Law Dictionary. . 2009.


quiet title action
A proceeding to establish an individual's right to ownership of real property against one or more adverse claimants.

Dictionary from West's Encyclopedia of American Law. 2005.


quiet title action
I
A proceeding to establish an individual's right to ownership of real property against one or more adverse claimants.
II A court proceeding to remove a cloud on the title to real property.

Short Dictionary of (mostly American) Legal Terms and Abbreviations.

quiet title action
n.
   a lawsuit to establish a party's title to real property against anyone and everyone, and thus "quiet" any challenges or claims to the title. Such a suit usually arises when there is some question about clear title, there exists some recorded problem (such as an old lease or failure to clear title after payment of a mortgage), an error in description which casts doubt on the amount of property owned, or an easement used for years without a recorded description. An action for quiet title requires description of the property to be "quieted," naming as defendants anyone who might have an interest (including descendants-known or unknown- of prior owners), and the factual and legal basis for the claim of title. Notice must be given to all potentially interested parties, including known and unknown, by publication. If the court is convinced title is in the plaintiff (the plaintiff owns the title), a quiet title judgment will be granted which can be recorded and thus provide legal "good title." Quiet title actions are a common example of "friendly" lawsuits in which often there is no opposition.
   See also: notice, title

Law dictionary. . 2013.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Quiet Title Action — A circuit court action (lawsuit) intended to establish or settle the title to a property, especially when there is a disagreement on the title. It is a lawsuit brought to remove a claim or objection on a title. A quiet title action occurs when… …   Investment dictionary

  • quiet title action — A proceeding to establish the plaintiffs title to land by bringing into court an adverse claimant and there compelling him either to establish his claim or be forever after estopped from asserting it. See also action to quiet title cloud on title …   Black's law dictionary

  • Quiet title — An action to quiet title is a lawsuit brought in a court having jurisdiction over land disputes, in order to establish a party s title to real property against anyone and everyone, and thus quiet any challenges or claims to the title.This legal… …   Wikipedia

  • quiet title — v. To determine title to land in court by bringing all interested parties into court and allowing them to attempt to establish their claims; this court proceeding is called an action to quiet title. The Essential Law Dictionary. Sphinx Publishing …   Law dictionary

  • Quiet Title — A lawsuit filed to establish ownership of real estate when ownership is in question. Real estate owners want to ensure that they have a clear title, meaning that there are no liens or levies against the title and no disputes over the property s… …   Investment dictionary

  • action to quiet title — One in which plaintiff asserts his own estate and declares generally that defendant claims some estate in the land, without defining it, and avers that the claim is without foundation, and calls on defendant to set forth the nature of his claim,… …   Black's law dictionary

  • action to quiet title — One in which plaintiff asserts his own estate and declares generally that defendant claims some estate in the land, without defining it, and avers that the claim is without foundation, and calls on defendant to set forth the nature of his claim,… …   Black's law dictionary

  • action to quiet title — See quieting title …   Ballentine's law dictionary

  • action — ac·tion n [Latin actio legal proceeding, from agere to do, carry out, initiate legal proceedings] 1 a: a judicial proceeding for the enforcement or protection of a right, the redress or prevention of a wrong, or the punishment of a public offense …   Law dictionary

  • title — A mark, style, or designation; a distinctive appellation; the name by which anything is known. Thus, in the law of persons, a title is an appellation of dignity or distinction, a name denoting the social rank of the person bearing it; as duke or… …   Black's law dictionary

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