state action
state action n
1: an action that is either taken directly by the state or bears a sufficient connection to the state to be attributed to it
◇ State actions are subject to judicial scrutiny for violations of the rights to due process and equal protection guaranteed under the Fourteenth Amendment to the U.S. Constitution. Such an action may be the subject of a claim brought under federal law (as section 1983) by one alleging a violation of constitutional rights, privileges, or immunities.
2: state efforts to displace competition with regulation or a state-supervised monopoly
◇ Such efforts are immune from antitrust liability.

Merriam-Webster’s Dictionary of Law. . 1996.

state action
n.
A claim brought by a private citizen against the government, protesting governmental intrusion into his or her affairs and violation of his or her civil rights, usually brought under the due process clause of the Fourteenth Amendment and the Civil Rights Act.

The Essential Law Dictionary. — Sphinx Publishing, An imprint of Sourcebooks, Inc. . 2008.


state action
The involvement of a government in a particular activity. Certain constitutional claims prohibit only state action, not private activities. For example, the right to free speech enshrined in the First Amendment of the U.S. Constitution gives people a right against laws that restrict their speech, not against private efforts to restrict speech (for example, by a private employer).
Category: Small Claims Court & Lawsuits

Nolo’s Plain-English Law Dictionary. . 2009.


state action
n. Any action taken by a government, especially an intrusion on one's civil rights by a governmental agency, or a requirement that can be enforced only through governmental action, such as correcting a policy of sexual or racial discrimination that requires judicial action to enforce.

Webster's New World Law Dictionary. . 2000.


state action
A requirement for claims that arise under the Due Process Clause of the Fourteenth Amendment and civil rights legislation, for which a private citizen seeks relief in the form of damages or redress based on an improper intrusion by the government into his or her private life.

Dictionary from West's Encyclopedia of American Law. 2005.


state action
A requirement for claims that arise under the due process clause of the Fourteenth Amendment and civil rights legislation, for which a private citizen seeks relief in the form of damages or redress based on an improper intrusion by the government into his or her private life.

Short Dictionary of (mostly American) Legal Terms and Abbreviations.

state action
n.
   in federal Civil Rights Acts, dating back to 1875, any activity by the government of a state, any of its components or employees (like a sheriff) who uses the "color of law" (claim of legal right) to violate an individual's civil rights. Such "state action" gives the person whose rights have been violated by a governmental body or official the right to sue that agency or person for damages.
   See also: civil rights

Law dictionary. . 2013.

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