force majeure clause
force majeure clause n: a clause in an agreement that excuses performance in the event that a force majeure makes the performance impracticable or impossible

Merriam-Webster’s Dictionary of Law. . 1996.

force majeure clause
force majeure clause, Also known as force majeure.
The happening of events outside the control of the parties, for example, natural disasters or the outbreak of hostilities. It is usual for parties to provide in a contract that such events will not make the defaulting party liable if they prevent it from performing its obligations. The concept is derived from civil law and is not fully recognised under common law, therefore it should always be fully defined.
USA
A provision in an agreement that excuses a party's performance under the agreement to the extent its failure to perform is due to certain extreme circumstances outside that party's control, for example, due to the occurrence of a natural disaster or an act of terrorism or war.
Force majeure clauses are found in a wide range of agreements.
For a sample force majeure clause and related drafting note, see Standard Clauses, Boilerplate Clauses ().
an "act of God" or event that is outside the control of any party to a contract (see force majeure and PLC Corporate, Practice note, Contracts: force majeure (www.practicallaw.com/7-380-6134)).
Related links

Practical Law Dictionary. Glossary of UK, US and international legal terms. . 2010.

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