civil law
civil law n often cap C&L
1: Roman law esp. as set forth in the Code of Justinian
2: the body of law developed from Roman law and used in Louisiana, in continental Europe, and in many other countries outside of the English-speaking world including esp. those that were colonized by countries of continental Europe see also the judicial system in the back matter compare common law
◇ Although Louisiana is the only state in the U.S. whose law is based entirely on civil law, remnants of civil law remain in other states (as Texas and California) in which countries of continental Europe had a strong influence.
3: the law established by a nation or state for its own jurisdiction
4: the law that applies to private rights esp. as opposed to the law that applies to criminal matters compare criminal law

Merriam-Webster’s Dictionary of Law. . 1996.

civil law
index constitution

Burton's Legal Thesaurus. . 2006


civil law
Civil law may be either legislation or common law rules which regulate the conduct of private individuals and other legal entities and establishes various rights and obligations between them. A civil law action is intended to enforce such rights and obligations and the plaintiff may seek compensation or other forms of remedy.

Easyform Glossary of Law Terms. — UK law terms.


civil law
n.
(1) Law concerned with citizens and private matters.
(2) The body of jurisprudence created by a nation or state, as opposed to natural law or international law.
(3) A system of jurisprudence practiced in Europe and in Louisiana, based on the codes of ancient Roman law as opposed to the precedents that form the authority of common law.

The Essential Law Dictionary. — Sphinx Publishing, An imprint of Sourcebooks, Inc. . 2008.


civil law
1. the domestic law of any particular nation.
2. the law of ancient Rome. See Roman law.
3. law or legal systems based on Roman law.
4. law that is not criminal law.
5. law that is not military law.

Collins dictionary of law. . 2001.


civil law
(1) A generic term for all non-criminal law, usually relating to settling disputes between private citizens. (2) A body of laws and legal concepts derived from Roman law as opposed to English common law, which is the framework of most state legal systems. In the United States only Louisiana, relying on the French Napoleonic Code, has a legal structure based on civil law.
Category: Small Claims Court & Lawsuits

Nolo’s Plain-English Law Dictionary. . 2009.


civil law
n.
1 A legal system derived from Roman law and based on fixed rules and statutes rather than on a court's interpretation of broad principles. Prominent in continental Europe, Latin America, Scotland, Quebec, and Louisiana.
2 The law pertaining to civil or private rights and duties rather than to matters arising under administrative, criminal, or military law.

Webster's New World Law Dictionary. . 2000.


civil law
A body of rules that delineate private rights and remedies, and govern disputes between individuals in such areas as contracts, property, and family law; distinct from criminal or public law. Civil law systems, which trace their roots to ancient Rome, are governed by doctrines developed and compiled by legal scholars. Legislators and administrators in civil law countries use these doctrines to fashion a code by which all legal controversies are decided.

Dictionary from West's Encyclopedia of American Law. 2005.


civil law
I
A body of rules that delineate private rights and remedies, and govern disputes between individuals in such areas as contracts, property, and family law; distinct from criminal or public law. Civil law systems, which trace their roots to ancient Rome, are governed by doctrines developed and compiled by legal scholars. Legislators and administrators in civil law countries use these doctrines to fashion a code by which all legal controversies are decided.
II Law based on a series of written codes or laws.

Short Dictionary of (mostly American) Legal Terms and Abbreviations.

civil law
n.
   1) a body of laws and legal concepts which come down from old Roman laws established by Emperor Justinian, and which differ from Englishcommon law, which is the framework of most state legal systems. In the United States only Louisiana (relying on the French Napoleonic Code) has a legal structure based on civil law.
   2) generic term for non-criminal law.

Law dictionary. . 2013.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • civil law — civil law, adj. 1. the body of laws of a state or nation regulating ordinary private matters, as distinct from laws regulating criminal, political, or military matters. 2. Rom. Hist. the body of law proper to the city or state of Rome, as… …   Universalium

  • Civil law — Civil Civ il, a. [L. civilis, fr. civis citizen: cf. F. civil. See {City}.] 1. Pertaining to a city or state, or to a citizen in his relations to his fellow citizens or to the state; within the city or state. [1913 Webster] 2. Subject to… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • civil law — ➔ law * * * civil law UK US noun [U] LAW ► the part of the legal system that deals with people s relationships, property, and business agreements, rather than with criminal activity: »US shareholders are suing the company under civil law for… …   Financial and business terms

  • Civil law — Law Law (l[add]), n. [OE. lawe, laghe, AS. lagu, from the root of E. lie: akin to OS. lag, Icel. l[ o]g, Sw. lag, Dan. lov; cf. L. lex, E. legal. A law is that which is laid, set, or fixed; like statute, fr. L. statuere to make to stand. See… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • Civil law — may refer to: Civil law (area), a branch of continental law which is the general part of private law Civil law (common law), a branch of common law dealing with relations between individuals or organizations (as opposed to criminal law) Civil law …   Wikipedia

  • civil law — n. 1. the body of codified law developed from Roman law and still in force in many European and American nations: distinguished from COMMON LAW 2. the body of law that an individual nation or state has established for itself: cf. INTERNATIONAL… …   English World dictionary

  • civil law — n [U] the area of law relating to the affairs of private citizens rather than crime →↑criminal law …   Dictionary of contemporary English

  • civil law — ► NOUN 1) law concerned with ordinary citizens, rather than criminal, military, or religious affairs. 2) the system of law predominant on the European continent, influenced by that of ancient Rome …   English terms dictionary

  • Civil Law — bezeichnet: den kontinentaleuropäischen Rechtskreis in Abgrenzung zum Common Law, siehe Rechtskreis #Kontinentaleuropäischer Rechtskreis das Privatrecht oder Zivilrecht innerhalb eines Rechtskreises in Abgrenzung zum öffentlichen Recht …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • civil law — noun uncount the part of law that deals with disagreements between people rather than with crime …   Usage of the words and phrases in modern English

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