court-martial
n.
(1) A military court that hears cases involving members of the armed forces.
(2) A trial or proceeding before a military court.
v.
To try someone in a court-martial.
pl.
courts-martial or court-martials

The Essential Law Dictionary. — Sphinx Publishing, An imprint of Sourcebooks, Inc. . 2008.


court-martial
1) A military court for trying offenses of the Uniform Code of Military Justice by members of the armed services.
2) To charge a member of the military with an offense against military law.
Category: Small Claims Court & Lawsuits

Nolo’s Plain-English Law Dictionary. . 2009.


court-martial
n. An ad hoc military court whose judges are commissioned officers of higher rank than, and of the same branch of the armed services as, the accused. This court is convened to try a member of the armed services who is accused of violating the Uniform Code of Military Justice.
@ general court-martial
The highest military court, comprised of five officers (unless the defendant decides to be tried by only one judge) with jurisdiction to try all offenses under the Uniform Code of Military Justice and to impose any sanction permitted by the code (including death).
@ special court-martial
An intermediate military court, comprised of three officers (unless the defendant decides to be tried by only one judge) with jurisdiction to try all noncapital offenses under the Uniform Code of Military Justice. However, the sanctions this court can prescribe may be no greater than a dismissal from the armed services or six months imprisonment.
@ summary court-martial
The lowest military court, comprised of one officer. The type of offenses this court can try and the sanctions it is allowed to impose are very limited. Furthermore, the accused may refuse trial by a summary court-martial, in which case he or she will be tried by a general or special court-martial.
@

Webster's New World Law Dictionary. . 2000.


court-martial
A tribunal that tries violations of military criminal law. It often refers to the entire military justice process, from actual court proceedings to punishment.

Dictionary from West's Encyclopedia of American Law. 2005.


court-martial
A tribunal that tries violations of military criminal law. It often refers to the entire military justice process, from actual court proceedings to punishment.

Short Dictionary of (mostly American) Legal Terms and Abbreviations.

court-martial
   1) n. a military court for trying offenses in violation of army, navy or other armed service rules and regulations, made up of military officers, who act as both finders of fact (in effect, a jury) and as arbiters (judges) of the law applying to the case. A general court-martial is conducted by a military legal officer (Judge Advocate) and at least five officers for major offenses, including those requiring the death penalty. A special court-martial is generally for lesser offenses and is conducted by three officers, who may order dismissal, hard labor or lengthy confinement. Minor offenses are conducted by a single officer in a summary court-martial.
   2) v. to charge a member of the military with an offense against military law or to find him/her guilty of such a violation. A court-martial conviction can be appealed to the U.S. Court of Military Appeals.

Law dictionary. . 2013.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Court-martial — redirects here. For other uses, see Court Martial (disambiguation). The field court martial of the Finnish 15th Brigade in July 1944 A court martial (plural courts martial, as martial is postpositive) is a military court. A court martial is… …   Wikipedia

  • court-martial — [kôrt′mär΄shəl] n. pl. courts martial; for COURT MARTIAL 2, now often court martials 1. a court of personnel in the armed forces for the trial of persons accused of breaking military law: see SUMMARY COURT MARTIAL, SPECIAL COURT MARTIAL, GENERAL… …   English World dictionary

  • court-martial — court martials, court martialling, court martialled (The spellings court martialing and court martialed are used in American English; courts martial is also used as a plural form for the noun.) 1) N VAR A court martial is a trial in a military… …   English dictionary

  • court–martial — court–mar·tial 1 / kōrt ˌmär shəl/ n pl courts–martial also court–martials 1: a court consisting of commissioned officers and in some instances enlisted personnel for the trial of members of the armed forces or others within its jurisdiction 2: a …   Law dictionary

  • court martial — also court martial, 1650s (pl. courts martial), originally martial court (1570s), from COURT (Cf. court) + MARTIAL (Cf. martial). As a verb, from 1859 …   Etymology dictionary

  • court martial — ► NOUN (pl. courts martial or court martials) ▪ a judicial court for trying members of the armed services accused of breaking military law. ► VERB (court martial) (court martialled, court martialling; US court martialed, court martialing) …   English terms dictionary

  • court-martial — court martial1 [ US ˈ. ˌ..] n [U and C] a court that judges soldiers etc who may have broken military law, or an occasion when this judgment is made ▪ Navy commanders recommended that he be tried by court martial. court martial 2 court martial2… …   Dictionary of contemporary English

  • court-martial — court martial1 noun count a court for trials of members of the military who have broken military laws a. a trial in a military court court martial ,court martial 2 verb transitive to judge someone in a military court a. to decide that someone is… …   Usage of the words and phrases in modern English

  • court-martial — court′ mar tial [[t]ˈkɔrt, ˈkoʊrt[/t]] n. pl. courts mar•tial, court mar•tials, 1) mil a military court appointed by a commander to try armed forces personnel charged with infractions of military law 2) mil a trial by such a court 3) mil to… …   From formal English to slang

  • Court-martial — Court mar tial, v. t. [imp. & p. p. {Court martialed} ( shald); p. pr. & vb. n. {Court martialing}.] To subject to trial by a court martial. [1913 Webster] …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

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