cabinet
index bench, board, chamber (body), commission (agency), committee

Burton's Legal Thesaurus. . 2006


cabinet
n.
The U.S. president’s board of advisors, composed of the heads of the executive departments, the vice president, and occasionally other officials; in other countries, a group of senior officials who advise the king or chief executive, or who control the government themselves.

The Essential Law Dictionary. — Sphinx Publishing, An imprint of Sourcebooks, Inc. . 2008.


Cabinet
in the constitutional law of the UK, as a result of various conventions, the executive part of the British government. Beginning as a group of special advisers to the Crown, the lack of interest shown by monarchs in the 18th century meant that the Crown took little part in their deliberations. Parliament was concerned about this practice, and as early as the Act of Settlement of 1700 had tried to restrain the practice. Nonetheless, the Reform Act of 1832, extending the franchise, meant that the support of the House of Commons was ever more important. Accordingly, whoever had support there could have the direct link to the Crown, which was the essence of the Cabinet. The acceptance of the limited role of monarchy and the increase in representation have increased the status of the Cabinet so that it is now effectively the executive branch of government answerable to Parliament and requiring to legislate through Parliament with the Crown but in practical day-to-day matters being able to carry through all business subject to the duty of doing so in accordance with the policy of Parliament. It is entirely distinct from the Privy Council, whose meetings take precedence, but naturally many of the same individuals sit on both. Members of the Cabinet are usually ministers and are appointed by the Crown on the recommendation of the Prime Minister. There are usually about 20 members, and the existence of the Cabinet, although a matter of convention, has been noticed in legislation and judicial decision. It has a secretariat, and in modern times it keeps records, including minutes. Even Cabinet ministers do not have unrestricted access to previous Cabinet papers. A narrative of events by an ex-Cabinet minister was published despite the government's opposition: Att. Gen. v. Jonathan Cape [1976] QB 752, resulting in a report by Privy Councillors giving guidelines for future publications. Members subscribe to a doctrine of collective responsibility under which dissension in Cabinet is silenced after a decision, and all abide and promote that course. The Cabinet is responsible as a whole to Parliament under this doctrine.

Collins dictionary of law. . 2001.


cabinet
The counsel or group of advisers of a king or other chief executive of a government. A group of individuals who advise the president of the United States.

Dictionary from West's Encyclopedia of American Law. 2005.


cabinet
The counsel or group of advisers of a king or other chief executive of a government. A group of individuals who advise the president of the United States.

Short Dictionary of (mostly American) Legal Terms and Abbreviations.

Synonyms:

Look at other dictionaries:

  • cabinet — [ kabinɛ ] n. m. • 1491 « petite chambre »; du picard cabine I ♦ 1 ♦ Rare en emploi libre Petite pièce située à l écart. ⇒ 2. réduit. Cabinet de débarras. ⇒ cagibi. CABINET NOIR, sans fenêtre. Menacer un enfant de l enfermer au cabinet noir.… …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • cabinet — CABINÉT, cabinete, s.n. I. 1. Încăpere dintr o locuinţă sau dintr o instituţie, folosită pentru exercitarea unei profesiuni. ♦ Biroul unei persoane cu muncă de răspundere. Cabinetul ministrului ♢ Şef (sau director) de cabinet = funcţionar… …   Dicționar Român

  • cabinet — CABINET. s. m. Lieu de retraite pour travailler, ou converser en particulier, ou pour y serrer des papiers, des livres, ou quelque autre chose, selon la profession ou l humeur de la personne qui y habite. Grand cabinet. petit cabinet. cabinet à… …   Dictionnaire de l'Académie française

  • Cabinet — Cab i*net (k[a^]b [i^]*n[e^]t), n. [F., dim. of cabine or cabane. See {Cabin}, n.] 1. A hut; a cottage; a small house. [Obs.] [1913 Webster] Hearken a while from thy green cabinet, The rural song of careful Colinet. Spenser. [1913 Webster] 2. A… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • cabinet — cab‧i‧net [ˈkæbnt] noun [countable] the group of politicians, including the leader of the government, who hold important positions in the government and meet regularly to discuss important issues: • a law approved by the prime minister and his… …   Financial and business terms

  • cabinet — Cabinet, alij malunt, Gabinet, Cistula, Conclaue, Pinacotheca. Le cabinet du Roy, Cimeliarchium. B. Qui a la clef du cabinet, Cimeliarcha. Somme contente ou Cabinet du Roy, Confiscata summa. B. ex Sueton. Le cabinet d une femme, toutes les sortes …   Thresor de la langue françoyse

  • cabinet — [kab′ə nit] n. [Fr, prob. < It gabbinetto, dim. of gabbia < L cavea, CAGE] 1. a case or cupboard with drawers or shelves for holding or storing things [a china cabinet, a medicine cabinet] 2. a) a boxlike container, usually decorated, that… …   English World dictionary

  • Cabinet — Cabinet …   Википедия

  • Cabinet — Cabinet, 1) ein kleineres Behältniß neben einem größern Zimmer, dient als Spielgemach, Toilette, Buffet, Garderobe etc. 2) In Palästen, Wohn oder Arbeitszimmer, letzteres namentlich für regierende Fürsten, zugleich Versammlungsort der höchsten… …   Damen Conversations Lexikon

  • Cabinet — Cab i*net, a. Suitable for a cabinet; small. [1913 Webster] He [Varnhagen von Ense] is a walking cabinet edition of Goethe. For. Quar. Rev. [1913 Webster] …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

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