standard of proof


standard of proof
standard of proof: the level of certainty and the degree of evidence necessary to establish proof in a criminal or civil proceeding
the standard of proof to convict is proof beyond a reasonable doubt see also clear and convincing, preponderance of the evidence compare burden of proof; clear and convincing evidence at evidence, reasonable doubt
◇ Preponderance of the evidence is the least demanding standard of proof and is used for most civil actions and some criminal defenses (as insanity). Clear and convincing proof is a more demanding standard of proof and is used in certain civil actions (as a civil fraud suit). Proof beyond a reasonable doubt is the most demanding standard and the one that must be met for a criminal conviction.

Merriam-Webster’s Dictionary of Law. . 1996.

standard of proof
n.
The level of proof that must be offered to prove a case, such as “beyond a reasonable doubt” in criminal cases or a “preponderance of the evidence” in civil cases.

The Essential Law Dictionary. — Sphinx Publishing, An imprint of Sourcebooks, Inc. . 2008.


standard of proof
in criminal cases this denotes beyond a reasonable doubt; in civil cases, the balance of probabilities.

Collins dictionary of law. . 2001.


standard of proof
Indicates the degree to which the point must be proven. In a civil case, the burden of proof rests with the plaintiff, who must establish his or her case by such standards of proof as a "preponderance of evidence" or "clear and convincing evidence." (See burden of proof.)

Short Dictionary of (mostly American) Legal Terms and Abbreviations.

Look at other dictionaries:

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  • proof — n [alteration of Middle English preove, from Old French preuve, from Late Latin proba, from Latin probare to prove] 1: the effect of evidence sufficient to persuade a reasonable person that a particular fact exists see also evidence 2: the… …   Law dictionary

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  • standard — Stability, general recognition, and conformity to established practice. Standard Accident Ins. Co. v. Standard Surety & Casualty Co., D.C.N.Y., 53 F.2d 119, 120. A type, model, or combination of elements accepted as correct or perfect. A measure… …   Black's law dictionary

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  • proof — I. noun Etymology: Middle English prof, prove, alteration of preve, from Anglo French preove, from Late Latin proba, from Latin probare to prove more at prove Date: 13th century 1. a. the cogency of evidence that compels acceptance by the mind of …   New Collegiate Dictionary

  • proof — noun ADJECTIVE ▪ clear, convincing, direct, good, positive, real ▪ |Do you have positive proof that she took the money? ▪ We have proof positive that he is in hid …   Collocations dictionary

  • proof — n., adj., & v. n. 1 facts, evidence, argument, etc. establishing or helping to establish a fact (proof of their honesty; no proof that he was there). 2 Law the spoken or written evidence in a trial. 3 a demonstration or act of proving (not… …   Useful english dictionary


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