recognizance


recognizance
re·cog·ni·zance /ri-'käg-nə-zəns/ n [Anglo-French recognisance reconisance, literally, recognition, from Old French reconoisance, from reconoistre to recognize, from Latin recognoscere]
1: an obligation entered into on the record before a court or magistrate requiring the performance of an act (as the paying of a debt) usu. under penalty of a money forfeiture; also: the sum liable to forfeiture
2: a simple personal obligation or undertaking (as to appear in court) entered into before a magistrate and having no money penalty attached
released on his own recognizance

Merriam-Webster’s Dictionary of Law. . 1996.

recognizance
I noun acknowledgment, assurance, avowal, bond, commitment, guaranty, obligation, promise, security, sponsio, surety, warranty II index binder, concession (compromise), guaranty, identification, remembrance (recollection), specialty (contract)

Burton's Legal Thesaurus. . 2006


recognizance
n.
A promise or obligation to do an act required by law, such as to appear in court on a particular date to answer criminal charges.

The Essential Law Dictionary. — Sphinx Publishing, An imprint of Sourcebooks, Inc. . 2008.


recognizance
n. A bond made to a court, and recorded, of an obligation to do something, which if the person so bound fails to do will require the payment of a preset sum of money. Most often, a recognizance is in the form of a bail bond that guarantees an unimprisoned criminal defendant's appearance for trial.

Webster's New World Law Dictionary. . 2000.


recognizance
A recorded obligation, entered into before a tribunal, in which an individual pledges to perform a specific act or to subscribe to a certain course of conduct.

Dictionary from West's Encyclopedia of American Law. 2005.


recognizance
I
A recorded obligation, entered into before a tribunal, in which an individual pledges to perform a specific act or to subscribe to a certain course of conduct.
II An obligation entered into before a court whereby the recognizor acknowledges that he will do a specific act required by law.

Short Dictionary of (mostly American) Legal Terms and Abbreviations.

Synonyms:

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  • recognizance — re‧cog‧ni‧zance [rɪˈkɒgnɪzns ǁ ˈkɑːg ] also recognisance noun [countable] LAW a promise that someone makes in a court of law. If they do not keep this promise, they have to pay money to the court: • The two men were released on their own… …   Financial and business terms

  • Recognizance — Re*cog ni*zance (r[ e]*k[o^]g n[i^]*zans or r[ e]*k[o^]n [i^] ), n. [F. reconnaissance, OF. recognoissance, fr. recognoissant, p. pr. of recognoistre to recognize, F. reconna[^i]tre, fr. L. recognoscere; pref. re re + cognoscere to know. See… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • recognizance — late 14c., reconyssaunce, from O.Fr. reconissance acknowledgment, recognition (Fr. reconnaissance), from prp. stem of reconoistre (see RECOGNIZE (Cf. recognize)). Related: Recognizant …   Etymology dictionary

  • recognizance — (Amer.) re·cog·ni·zance || rɪ kÉ‘gnɪzÉ™ns /rɪ kÉ’g n. (Law, Finance) legal promise or obligation; formal agreement made by a person in court before a judge; money pledged as a bond (also recognisance) …   English contemporary dictionary

  • recognizance — [ri käg′ni zəns, rikän′izəns] n. [ME reconissance < OFr reconaissance < reconnoisant, prp. of reconoistre < L recognoscere, to recall to mind < re , again + cognoscere, to know: see COGNITION] 1. Law a) an obligation of record entered …   English World dictionary

  • Recognizance — In some common law nations, a recognizance is a conditional obligation undertaken by a person before a court. It is an obligation of record, entered into before a court or magistrate duly authorized, whereby the party bound acknowledges… …   Wikipedia

  • recognizance — /ri kog neuh zeuhns, kon euh /, n. 1. Law. a. a bond or obligation of record entered into before a court of record or a magistrate, binding a person to do a particular act. b. the sum pledged as surety on such a bond. 2. Archaic. recognition. 3.… …   Universalium

  • recognizance — n. (legal) on one s own recognizance (she was released on her own recognizance) * * * [rɪ kɒgnɪz(ə)ns] (legal) on one s own recognizance (she was released on her own recognizance) …   Combinatory dictionary

  • recognizance — /rskognazans/ An obligation entered into before a court or magistrate duly authorized for that purpose whereby the recognizer acknowledges that he will do some act required by law which is specified therein. The act of recognizing is performed by …   Black's law dictionary

  • recognizance — noun Etymology: Middle English recognissance, alteration of reconissaunce, from Anglo French, from reconoistre to recognize Date: 14th century 1. a. an obligation of record entered into before a court or magistrate requiring the performance of an …   New Collegiate Dictionary