- antitrust laws
Federal and state laws created to regulate trade and commerce by preventing unlawful restraints, price-fixing, and monopolies. The laws are intended to promote healthy market competition and encourage the production of quality goods and services at the lowest prices. The primary federal antitrust laws are the Sherman Act and the Clayton Act.Category: Business, LLCs & CorporationsCategory: Small Claims Court & Lawsuits
Nolo’s Plain-English Law Dictionary. Gerald N. Hill, Kathleen Thompson Hill. 2009.
- antitrust laws
n.acts adopted by Congress to outlaw or restrict business practices considered to be monopolistic or which restrain interstate commerce. The Sherman Antitrust Act of 1890 declared illegal "every contract, combination:or conspiracy in restraint of trade or commerce" between states or foreign countries. The Clayton Antitrust Act of 1914, amended by the Robinson-Patman Act of 1936, prohibits discrimination among customers through pricing and disallows mergers, acquisitions or takeovers of one firm by another if the effect will "substantially lessen competition." Interstate commerce includes commerce within a state which affects the flow of that commerce, thus making it pretty broad. There are also some state laws against restraint of trade. The Antitrust Division of the U.S. Department of Justice enforces for the federal government, but private lawsuits to halt antitrust activities have become increasingly popular, particularly since attorney's fees are awarded to the winning party. This is a legal specialty which has kept some industries relatively honest and made some lawyers wealthy.
Law dictionary. EdwART. 2013.
Look at other dictionaries:
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antitrust laws — Acts of Congress (starting with the Sherman Antitrust Act of 1890) that forbid or restrict business practices that are deemed to be monopolistic, that restrain interstate commerce, or that are anticompetitive. See price fixing; restraint of… … Business law dictionary
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state antitrust laws — State statutes of the same general character as the Sherman Act, but differing in scope and detail, and state constitutional inhibitions against trusts and monopolies, with directions to pass appropriate suppressive legislation, and forbidding… … Ballentine's law dictionary
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antitrust legislation — noun law intended to promote free competition in the market place by outlawing monopolies • Syn: ↑antitrust law • Topics: ↑law, ↑jurisprudence • Hypernyms: ↑law * * * antitrust legislation [anti … Useful english dictionary
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antitrust — [[t]æ̱ntitrʌ̱st[/t]] ADJ: ADJ n In the United States, antitrust laws are intended to stop large firms taking over their competitors, fixing prices with their competitors, or interfering with free competition in any way. The jury found that the… … English dictionary