 proof

proof n [alteration of Middle English preove, from Old French preuve, from Late Latin proba, from Latin probare to prove]1: the effect of evidence sufficient to persuade a reasonable person that a particular fact exists see also evidence2: the establishment or persuasion by evidence that a particular fact exists see also burden of proof3: something (as evidence) that proves or tends to prove the existence of a particular fact see also clear and convincing, preponderance of the evidence, reasonable doubt, standard of proof compare allegation, argument4: probate (1a)
MerriamWebster’s Dictionary of Law. MerriamWebster. 1996.
 proof

I
noun
argumentum, assurance, attestation, averment, certainty, certification, clear demonstration, clear indication, conclusiveness, confirmation, data, demonstration, documentation, establishment, evidence, evident demonstration, facts, indicium, manifestation, process of proving, proved strength, ratification, records, satisfaction, satisfactory evidence, showing, substantiation, sufficient evidence, testimonium, testimony, verification, warrant
associated concepts: adequate proof, affirmative proof, burden of proof, clear and convincing proof, collateral proof, failure of proof, final proof, furnish proof, legal proof, positive proof, proof beyond a reasonable doubt, proof evident, proof of claim, proof of death, proof of disability, proof of payment, proof positive, quantum of proof, satisfactory proof
foreign phrases:
 Semper necessitas probandi incumbit ei qui agit. — The burden of proof always lies upon the claimant Non possessori incumbit necessitas probandi possessiones ad se pertinere. — It is not incumbent on the possessor of property to prove that his possessions belong to him. Affirmanti, non neganti incumbit probatio. — The burden of proof is on the party who affirms, not upon one who denies. Facultas probationum non est angustanda. — The right of offering proof is not to be narrowed. In criminalibus, probationes debent esse luce clariores. — In criminal cases, the proofs ought to be clearer than light. Quod per recordum probatum, non debet esse negatum. — That which is proved by record ought not to be denied. Quod constat curiae opere testium non indiget. — That which is clear to the court needs not the help of witnesses Qui melius probat melius habet. — He who proves most recovers most. Praesumptio violenta, plena probatio. — Strong presumption is full proof. Perspicua vera non sunt probanda. — Evident facts need not be proved. Per rerum naturam factum negantis nulla probatio est. — It is in the nature of things that a person who denies a fact is not bound to give proof. Probandi necessitas incumbit illi qui agit. — The necessity of proving lies with the person who sues Frustra probatur quod probatum non relevat. — It is useless to prove that which when proved is irrelevant. Principia probant, non probantur. — Principles prove, they are not proved. Praesumptiones sunt conjecturae ex signo verisimili ad probandum assumptae. — Presumptions are conjectures from probable proof, assumed for purposes of proof Reus excipiendo fit actor. — The defendant by pleading may make himself a plaintiff. Idem est non probari et non esse: non deficit jus, sedprobatio. — What is not proved, and what is not, are the same; it is not a defect of the law, but a want of proof. Factum negantis nulla probatio sit. — No proof is required of him who denies a fact Quod constat clare non debet verificari. — What is clearly apparent is not required to be proved Semper necessitas probandi incumbit ei qui agit. — The claimant is always bound to prove; the burden of proof lies on the actor. Ei incumbit probatio, qui dicit, non qui negat; cum per rerum naturam factum negantis probatio nulla sit. — The burden of proof lies upon him who asserts it, not upon him who denies, since, by the nature of things, he who denies a fact cannot produce any proof of itII index certification (attested copy), certification (certainness), confirmation, corroboration, counterargument, data, design (construction plan), document, documentation, evidence, ground, safe, strength, testimony, token
Burton's Legal Thesaurus. William C. Burton. 2006
 proof

n.The use of evidence or argument to establish a fact; evidence offered at trial to show the truth of some proposition.
The Essential Law Dictionary. — Sphinx Publishing, An imprint of Sourcebooks, Inc. Amy Hackney Blackwell. 2008.
 proof

Factual evidence that helps to establish that an event occurred or a statement is true. When someone is accused of a crime, the government must prove every element, or aspect, of the crime, such as who physically committed the act and whether that person did so with the intent to commit the crime. Unless all elements of the charged crime are proved, the prosecution will not prevail. In civil cases, too, the plaintiff must prove every aspect of the complaint. (See also: burden of proof)Category: Accidents & InjuriesCategory: Criminal LawCategory: Representing Yourself in CourtCategory: Small Claims Court & Lawsuits
Nolo’s PlainEnglish Law Dictionary. Gerald N. Hill, Kathleen Thompson Hill. 2009.
 proof

n. An establishment by evidence of the truth or falseness of an alleged fact; evidence upon which a court's judicial ruling is based.@ burden of proofThe responsibility placed on one party to bring forward evidence in support of his cause; as to a plaintiff (in a civil case) or a prosecutor (in a criminal case), the requirement of bringing forth sufficient evidence to support a finding in favor of plaintiff or the state.=>> proof.@ standard of proofLevel of proof required to sustain certain actions; varying levels of proof required include "beyond a reasonable doubt" (criminal cases), "by a preponderance of the evidence" (most civil cases), "clear and convincing evidence" (certain civil and some criminal cases, including fraud).@
Webster's New World Law Dictionary. Susan Ellis Wild. 2000.
 proof

The establishment of a fact by the use of evidence. Anything that can make a person believe that a fact or proposition is true or false. It is distinguishable from evidence in that proof is a broad term comprehending everything that may be adduced at a trial, whereas evidence is a narrow term describing certain types of proof that can be admitted at trial.
Dictionary from West's Encyclopedia of American Law. 2005.
 proof

The establishment of a fact by the use of evidence. Anything that can make a person believe that a fact or proposition is true or false. It is distinguishable from evidence in that proof is a broad term comprehending everything that may be adduced at a trial, whereas evidence is a narrow term describing certain types of proof that can be admitted at trial.
Short Dictionary of (mostly American) Legal Terms and Abbreviations.
 proof

n.confirmation of a fact by evidence. In a trial, proof is what the trier of the fact (jury or judge without a jury) needs to become satisfied that there is "a preponderance of the evidence" in civil (noncriminal) cases and the defendant is guilty "beyond a reasonable doubt" in criminal prosecutions. However, each alleged fact must be proved separately, as must all the facts necessary to reach a judgment for the plaintiff (the person filing a lawsuit) or for the prosecution (the "people" or "state" represented by the prosecutor). The defendants in both civil suits and criminal trials need not provide absolute "proof" of nonresponsibility in a civil case or innocence (in a criminal case), since the burden is on the plaintiff or prosecution to prove their cases (or prove the person guilty).
Law dictionary. EdwART. 2013.
См. также в других словарях:
Proof — • The establishment of a disputed or controverted matter by lawful means or arguments. Catholic Encyclopedia. Kevin Knight. 2006. Proof Proof … Catholic encyclopedia
Proof — Proof, a. [1913 Webster] 1. Used in proving or testing; as, a proof load, or proof charge. [1913 Webster] 2. Firm or successful in resisting; as, proof against harm; waterproof; bombproof. [1913 Webster] I . . . have found thee Proof against all… … The Collaborative International Dictionary of English
Proof — may refer to: * A rigorous, compelling argument ** Formal proof ** Mathematical proof ** Proof theory, a branch of mathematical logic that represents proofs as formal mathematical objects ** Logical argument ** Evidence (law), tested evidence or… … Wikipedia
proof´er — proof «proof», noun, adjective, verb. –n. 1. a way or means of showing beyond doubt the truth of something: »Is what you say a guess, or have you proof? SYNONYM(S): See syn. under evidence. (Cf. ↑evidence) 2. the establishment of the truth of… … Useful english dictionary
Proof — Proof, n. [OF. prove, proeve, F. preuve, fr. L. proba, fr. probare to prove. See {Prove}.] [1913 Webster] 1. Any effort, process, or operation designed to establish or discover a fact or truth; an act of testing; a test; a trial. [1913 Webster]… … The Collaborative International Dictionary of English
Proof — в 2005 году Основная информация … Википедия
proof — [pro͞of] n. [ME profe < OFr prueve < LL proba < L probare: see PROBE] 1. the act or process of proving; a testing or trying of something 2. anything serving or tending to establish the truth of something, or to convince one of its truth; … English World dictionary
proof — ► NOUN 1) evidence establishing a fact or the truth of a statement. 2) the proving of the truth of a statement. 3) a series of stages in the resolution of a mathematical or philosophical problem. 3) archaic a test or trial. 4) Printing a trial… … English terms dictionary
Proof — ist ein US amerikanischer Rapper (1973 2006), siehe Proof (Rapper) in der Drucktechnik die Bezeichnung für eine Vorschau auf das spätere Druckergebnis, siehe Proof (Druck) der Original Titel eines Films von John Madden aus dem Jahr 2005, siehe… … Deutsch Wikipedia
proof — [n1] evidence, authentication affidavit, argument, attestation, averment, case, certification, chapter and verse*, clincher*, clue, confirmation, corroboration, credentials, criterion, cue*, data, demonstration, deposition, documents,… … New thesaurus