tri·al n [Anglo-French, from trier to try]: a judicial examination of issues of fact or law disputed by parties for the purpose of determining the rights of the parties compare hearing, inquestat trial: in or during the course of a trial
Merriam-Webster’s Dictionary of Law. Merriam-Webster. 1996.
analysis, attempt, check, endeavor, evaluation, examination, experimental method, experimentum, exploration, in-depth analysis, inquiry, inspection, probe, review, scrutiny, study, test, testing
associated concepts: trial period
(legal proceeding) noun
action, action at law, case, cause, contest, court action, examination, formal examination by a court of law, formal examination of facts by a court, hearing, iudicium, inquest, inquiry, inquisition, judicial contest, lawsuit, legal dispute, litigation, proceeding, quaestio, suit, suit at law
associated concepts: appeal from a trial, close of a trial, examination before trial, fair trial, former trial, impartial trial, joint trial, jury trial, mistrial, new trial, order of trial, post-trial evidence, pretrial evidence, proceed to trial, public trial, retrial, separate trial, speedy trial, trial by jury, trial by the court, trial court, trial de novo, trial judge
- Triatio ibi semper debet fieri, ubi juratores mellorem possunt habere notitiam. — Trial ought always to be had where the jurors can have the best information.III index action (proceeding), cause (lawsuit), conatus, contest (competition), cross-examination, day in court, discipline (punishment), distress (anguish), effort, endeavor, experiment, grievance, hearing, indagation, infliction, inquiry (systematic investigation), inspection, lawsuit, matter (case), misfortune, nuisance, plight, predicament, preliminary, proceeding, prosecution (criminal trial), quagmire, stress (strain), suit, tentative, test, trouble, undertaking (attempt), undertaking (enterprise), venture
Burton's Legal Thesaurus. William C. Burton. 2006
n.A formal judicial proceeding in which a judge and sometimes a jury hear the evidence in a case and decide the rights of the parties in a civil case or the guilt or innocence of the defendant in a criminal case. See also bench trial, jury trial
The Essential Law Dictionary. — Sphinx Publishing, An imprint of Sourcebooks, Inc. Amy Hackney Blackwell. 2008.
The examination of facts and law presided over by a judge, magistrate, or other person with authority to hear the matter (such as a lawyer appointed to hear the case). Trials begin with the selection of a jury (unless the case will be heard without one), followed by opening statements by each side if they choose to give them. (The defense may also give an opening statement just before it presents its case.) The plaintiff (in a civil case) or the prosecution (in a criminal case) presents its side, then the defense puts on its case. Sometimes the plaintiff or prosecution presents more evidence, called rebuttal evidence, as does the defense. Following closing arguments, the jury (if there is one) is instructed by the judge on the law they must apply when deciding whether the plaintiff or prosecution adequately proved their case. The trial ends when the jury reaches a verdict, or when they fail to do so and the judge declares a mistrial.Category: Small Claims Court & Lawsuits
Nolo’s Plain-English Law Dictionary. Gerald N. Hill, Kathleen Thompson Hill. 2009.
n.1 A formal judicial examination of issues of law or fact between parties by a court with jurisdiction in such cases.2 A formal adversarial proceeding to hear evidence and decide legal issues and claims. Trials are covered by established rules of courtroom procedure as well as rules of evidence.@ bench trialA trial held in front of a judge, but without the presence of a jury. Both parties must waive their constitutional rights to a trial by jury. The judge then gets to decide matters of fact as well as matters of law.=>> trial.@ trial by jury=>> jury trial.@ trial de novoA new trial, usually ordered by an appellate court that retries both matters of fact and law and proceeds as if the original trial had never taken place.
Webster's New World Law Dictionary. Susan Ellis Wild. 2000.
A judicial examination and determination of facts and legal issues arising between parties to a civil or criminal action.
Dictionary from West's Encyclopedia of American Law. 2005.
A judicial examination and determination of facts and legal issues arising between parties to a civil or criminal action.II A judicial examination of issues between parties to an action.
Short Dictionary of (mostly American) Legal Terms and Abbreviations.
n.the examination of facts and law presided over by a judge (or other magistrate, such as a commissioner or judge pro tem) with authority to hear the matter (jurisdiction). A trial begins with the calling of the parties to come and be heard and selection of a jury if one has been requested. Each party is entitled to an opening statement by his/her attorney (or the party if he/she is representing himself/herself), limited to an outline of what each side intends to prove (the defense may withhold the opening statement until the defense is ready to present evidence), followed by the presentation of evidence first by the plaintiff (in a civil case) or prosecution (in a criminal case), followed by the defense evidence, and then by rebuttal evidence by the plaintiff or prosecution to respond to the defense. At the conclusion of all evidence each attorney (plaintiff or prosecution first) can make a final argument which can include opinion and comment on evidence and legal questions. If it is a jury trial, the judge will give the jury a series of instructions as to the law of the case, based on "jury instructions" submitted by the attorneys and approved, rejected, modified and/or added to by the judge. Then the jury retires to the jury room, chooses a foreperson and decides the factual questions. If there is no jury, the judge will determine legal issues and decide factual questions and render (give) a judgment. A jury will judge the factual issues and decide the verdict based on the law as given in the instructions by the judge. Final verdict or judgment usually concludes the trial, although in some criminal cases a further trial will be held to determine "special circumstances" (acts which will increase the punishment) or whether the death penalty should be imposed. Throughout a trial there may be various motions on legal issues, some of which may be argued in the judge's chambers. In most criminal cases the exact punishment will be determined by the judge at a hearing held at a later time.
Law dictionary. EdwART. 2013.
См. также в других словарях:
trial — trial … Dictionnaire des rimes
trial — [ trijal ] n. m. et f. • 1951; « épreuve automobile » 1943; mot angl. « essai, épreuve » ♦ Anglic. 1 ♦ N. m. Course motocycliste. ⇒ enduro, motocross. Faire du trial. 2 ♦ N. m. ou f. Moto conçue pour ce type de course. Des trials. ● trial nom… … Encyclopédie Universelle
trial — tri‧al [ˈtraɪəl] noun [countable] 1. LAW a legal process in which a court of law examines a case to decide whether someone is guilty of a crime: • Three former brokers were ordered to stand trial for securities fraud. 2. a process of testing a… … Financial and business terms
Trial — en el Bosque Negro, Alemania. Se conoce como trial a la modalidad deportiva sobre ruedas con o sin motor donde se trata de superar diferentes obstáculos delimitados en una trazada concreta dentro de una zona señalizada, utilizando para ello;… … Wikipedia Español
Trial — steht für (v. lat.: tres „drei“) einen Numerus, siehe Trial (Grammatik) (v. engl.: trial „Versuch“, „Test“, „Erprobung“) eine Fahrzeugsportart, die auf Geschicklichkeit beruht, siehe Trial (Sport), Trial (Motorrad) oder Einrad… … Deutsch Wikipedia
trial — 1 test, proof, demonstration (see under PROVE) Analogous words: inspection, examination, scanning, scrutiny (see under SCRUTINIZE): *process, proceeding, procedure 2 Trial, tribulation, affliction, visitation, cross are comparable when they… … New Dictionary of Synonyms
trial — [trī′əl, trīl] n. [Anglo Fr < trier: see TRY] 1. a) the act or process of trying, testing, or putting to the proof; test b) a testing of qualifications, attainments, or progress; probation c) experimental treatment or operation; experiment 2 … English World dictionary
trial — [adj] experimental balloon, exploratory, pilot, preliminary, probationary, provisional, tentative, test, testing; concepts 548,560 Ant. definite, known, proven trial [n1] test analysis, assay, attempt, audition, check, crack*, dry run*, effort,… … New thesaurus
TRIAL — TRIAL, auch als Schweizerische Gesellschaft gegen Straflosigkeit bezeichnet, ist ein im Juni 2002 gegründeter Verein schweizerischen Rechts mit Sitz in Genf. Ziel des Vereins ist die Bekämpfung der Straflosigkeit von Völkermord, Kriegsverbrechen … Deutsch Wikipedia
trial — ► NOUN 1) a formal examination of evidence in order to decide guilt in a case of criminal or civil proceedings. 2) a test of performance, qualities, or suitability. 3) (trials) an event in which horses or dogs compete or perform. 4) something… … English terms dictionary