- Charter of Fundamental Rights
European UnionThe Treaty of Lisbon introduced the Charter of Fundamental Rights into European primary law. The Charter is therefore binding, even though its text is not in the European Union treaties. The six chapters of the Charter cover the following: individual rights related to dignity, freedoms, equality, solidarity, rights linked to citizenship status and justice. The institutions of the EU must respect the rights written into the Charter, as must the member states when they implement the EU's legislation. The Court of Justice of the European Union (ECJ) will ensure that the Charter is applied correctly, for example, when interpreting EU law, the ECJ may refer to the Charter or find laws inconsistent with the fundamental rights. The incorporation of the Charter does not alter the EU's powers, but offers strengthened rights and greater freedom for citizens. For example, the recognition of rights under the solidarity title (such as workers' rights to information and consultation, right of collective bargaining, fair and just working conditions) is a step towards better protection of workers.The UK, Poland and the Czech Republic have been given special arrangements regarding their application of the Charter.The EU will also accede to the European Convention on Human Rights in its own right.
Practical Law Dictionary. Glossary of UK, US and international legal terms. www.practicallaw.com. 2010.
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