co-decision


co-decision
co-decision (now called ordinary legislative procedure)
European Union
The co-decision procedure was introduced by the Treaty of Maastricht. It gives the European Parliament (EP) the power to adopt instruments jointly with the Council of the European Union. The procedure comprises one, two or three readings. It has the effect of increasing contacts between the EP and the Council (the co-legislators) and with the European Commission. In practice, it has strengthened the EP's legislative powers in the following fields: free movement of workers, right of establishment, services, the internal market, education (incentive measures), health (incentive measures), consumer policy, trans-European networks (guidelines), environment (general action programme), culture (incentive measures) and research (framework programme).
The Treaty of Amsterdam simplified the co-decision procedure, making it quicker and more effective and strengthening the role of the EP. In addition, it was extended to new areas such as social exclusion, public health and the fight against fraud affecting the EU's financial interests.
The Intergovernmental Conference (IGC) launched in February 2000 called for an extension of the scope of co-decision, in parallel with, and as a supplement to, the extension of qualified majority voting in the Council. Seven provisions for which the IGC planned to apply qualified majority voting are thus also subject to co-decision. They are: incentives to combat discrimination, judicial co-operation in civil matters, specific industrial support measures, economic and social cohesion actions (outside the Structural Funds), the statute for European political parties and measures relating to visas, asylum and immigration.
The Lisbon Treaty extended the co-decision procedure (renamed the ordinary legislative procedure) to several new fields (agriculture, fisheries, transport, structural funds, justice and home affairs). This means that the EP now has the same degree of law-making power as the Council in some areas where it used to be merely consulted or not involved at all. These areas include legal immigration, penal judicial co-operation (Eurojust, crime prevention, alignment of prison standards, offences and penalties), police co-operation (Europol) and some aspects of trade policy and agriculture. The EP now has a role to play in almost all law-making. In practice, any legislative instrument adopted by qualified majority voting is now likely to fall within the scope of the co-decision procedure. For some provisions of the Treaty, however, co-decision and unanimity still co-exist.
For more detailed information, see PLC EU, EU Toolkit: EU legislative procedures.
European Union
Formal term in the Lisbon Treaty to refer to the co-decision procedure.

Practical Law Dictionary. Glossary of UK, US and international legal terms. . 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • DÉCISION — La réflexion moderne sur la question de savoir quel parti prendre lorsqu’on se trouve confronté à un choix difficile a été esquissée pour la première fois par Blaise Pascal, au XVIIe siècle, dans le fameux texte du «pari» sur l’entrée dans la… …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • Decision engineering — framework Decision Engineering is a framework that unifies a number of best practices for organizational decision making. It is based on the recognition that, in many organizations, decision making could be improved if a more structured approach… …   Wikipedia

  • Decision theory — in economics, psychology, philosophy, mathematics, and statistics is concerned with identifying the values, uncertainties and other issues relevant in a given decision, its rationality, and the resulting optimal decision. It is closely related to …   Wikipedia

  • Decision analysis — (DA) is the discipline comprising the philosophy, theory, methodology, and professional practice necessary to address important decisions in a formal manner. Decision analysis includes many procedures, methods, and tools for identifying, clearly… …   Wikipedia

  • Decisión por consenso — Saltar a navegación, búsqueda La decisión por consenso es un proceso de decisión que busca no solamente el acuerdo de la mayoría de los participantes, sino también persigue el objetivo de resolver o atenuar las objeciones de la minoría para… …   Wikipedia Español

  • Decision field theory — (DFT), is a dynamic cognitive approach to human decision making. It is a cognitive model that describes how people make decisions rather than a rational model that prescribes what people should do. It is also a dynamic model of decision making… …   Wikipedia

  • Decision downloading — Decision downloading[1] refers to communicating a decision to those who have not been involved in the decision making process. The term “decision downloading” is used to set apart those special situations in which decision makers communicate a… …   Wikipedia

  • Decision — Décision La décision est le fait d effectuer un choix lors de la confrontation à un problème afin de le résoudre. Il existe au moins trois grandes approches du concept de décision : La première estime que la décision est un choix de type… …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Decision table — Decision tables are a precise yet compact way to model complicated logic.[1] Decision tables, like flowcharts and if then else and switch case statements, associate conditions with actions to perform, but in many cases do so in a more elegant way …   Wikipedia

  • Decision aids — is the name commonly used to describe interventions that are designed for patients, or people facing healthcare decisions. They are used to facilitate shared decision making. A recent definition is cited: decision support interventions help… …   Wikipedia

  • decision — de·ci·sion /di si zhən/ n: an authoritative determination (as a decree or judgment) made after consideration of facts or law; also: a report or document containing such a determination see also memorandum decision compare disposition, finding …   Law dictionary