- International Criminal Court
(ICC) the statute of the International Criminal Court was agreed in July 1998. This permanent court will have jurisdiction over serious international crimes, namely genocide, crimes against humanity, war crimes and crimes of aggression. The Court's jurisdiction will be complementary to that of state parties. The Court will become operational only following ratification by 60 states and only in respect of crimes committed in states that are parties to the Convention or whose nationals are suspects. States that are not parties to the Convention can also choose the ICC's jurisdiction in particular cases. The ICC will have its own independent prosecutor, who will be able to institute investigations on his or her own authority as well as to investigate crimes referred by state parties or the United Nations' Security Council.
Collins dictionary of law. W. J. Stewart. 2001.
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