precedent
pre·ce·dent 1 /pri-'sēd-ənt, 'pre-səd-/ adj [Middle French, from Latin praecedent- praecedens, present participle of praecedere to go ahead of, come before]: prior in time, order, arrangement, or significance see also condition precedent at condition compare subsequent
prec·e·dent 2 /'pre-səd-ənt/ n: a judicial decision that should be followed by a judge when deciding a later similar case see also stare decisis compare dictum
◇ To serve as precedent for a pending case, a prior decision must have a similar question of law and factual situation. If the precedent is from the same or a superior jurisdiction (as the state's supreme court), it is binding upon the court and must be followed; if the precedent is from another jurisdiction (as another state's supreme court), it is considered only persuasive. Precedents may be overruled esp. by the same court that originally rendered the decision.

Merriam-Webster’s Dictionary of Law. . 1996.

precedent
I noun archetype, authoritative decision, authoritative example, authoritative principle of law, authoritative rule, authority, basis, criterion, example, exemplum, foundation, frame of reference, guide, judicial antecedent, justification, maxim, model, model instance, point of comparison, preceding instance, precept, precursor, predecessor, prior instance, rule, rule for future determinations, rule for future guidance, standard associated concepts: collateral estoppel, condition precedent, controlling authority, precedent sub silentio, res judicata, stare decisis II index aforesaid, antecedent, authority (documentation), before mentioned, code, criterion, finding, forerunner, holding (ruling of a court), judgment (formal court decree), last (preceding), law, mode, model, pattern, precursor, precursory, preparatory, prescription (custom), previous, prior, prototype, standard, stare decisis

Burton's Legal Thesaurus. . 2006


precedent
n.
A previously decided case that serves as a guide for deciding subsequent cases that have similar facts or legal questions. See also condition precedent

The Essential Law Dictionary. — Sphinx Publishing, An imprint of Sourcebooks, Inc. . 2008.


precedent
previously decided case. One practical aspect of justice is that like cases be treated alike; lawyers consult the reports of previously decided court cases. How a particular system uses precedent is another matter. Continental systems such as the French and German allow that a series of cases interpreting the code will carry great weight. In the Anglo-American system the rules are far stricter, with courts being bound to follow previous decisions. These rules are often considered under stare decisis.

Collins dictionary of law. . 2001.


precedent
An opinion of a federal or state court of appeals establishing a legal principle or rule that must be followed by lower courts when faced with similar legal issues. For example, once the California Supreme Court decided that employers may fire an employee who fails a drug test because of his use of medical marijuana, all lower courts in California must follow this rule.
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Nolo’s Plain-English Law Dictionary. . 2009.


precedent
adj. Something that came before, hence preceded the event currently in question, such as a previously decided case. It may serve as a model for the interpretation of a law, or disposition as a case.

Webster's New World Law Dictionary. . 2000.


precedent
A court decision that is cited as an example or analogy to resolve similar questions of law (See question of law) in later cases.

Dictionary from West's Encyclopedia of American Law. 2005.


precedent
I
A court decision that is cited as an example or analogy to resolve similar questions of law in later cases.
II Laws established by previous cases which must be followed in cases involving identical circumstances. (See stare decisis in Foreign Words Glossary.)

Short Dictionary of (mostly American) Legal Terms and Abbreviations.

precedent
   1) n. a prior reported opinion of an appeals court which establishes the legal rule (authority) in the future on the same legal question decided in the prior judgment. Thus, "the rule in Fishbeck v. Gladfelter is precedent for the issue before the court in this case." The doctrine that a lower court must follow a precedent is called stare decisis
   2) adj. before, as in the term "condition precedent," which is a situation which must exist before a party to a contract has to perform.
   See also: stare decisis

Law dictionary. . 2013.

Synonyms:

Look at other dictionaries:

  • précédent — précédent, ente [ presedɑ̃, ɑ̃t ] adj. et n. m. • XIIIe; lat. præcedens, entis I ♦ Adj. Qui précède, s est produit antérieurement, vient avant. Dans un précédent ouvrage. ⇒ antérieur. Le jour précédent : la veille. « Ce testament annule le… …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • precedent — PRECEDÉNT, Ă, precedenţi, te, adj., s.n. 1. adj. Care precedă pe cineva sau ceva în timp sau în spaţiu; premergător, anterior. 2. s.n. Fapt sau caz anterior analog, care poate servi ca exemplu, ca regulă de conduită sau ca justificare pentru… …   Dicționar Român

  • precedent — pre‧ce‧dent [ˈpresdnt] noun [countable] LAW an official action or decision which can be used later to support another legal decision: • The injunction on imports could set a precedent for other patent infringement cases. • Solicitors are aiming …   Financial and business terms

  • precedent — Precedent, [preced]ente. adj. v. Qui precede. Il se dit ordinairement par rapport au temps. Le jour precedent. je vous ay escrit par l ordinaire precedent. dans les regnes precedents, dans l assemblée precedente. cette clause estoit portée dans… …   Dictionnaire de l'Académie française

  • précédent — précédent, ente (pré sé dan, dan t ) adj. 1°   Qui précède, qui est immédiatement avant, soit par rapport à l ordre, soit par rapport au rang. Le jour, le règne précédent. Vous trouverez cela dans le chapitre précédent, à la page précédente.… …   Dictionnaire de la Langue Française d'Émile Littré

  • Precedent — Pre*ced ent, a. [L. praecedens, entis, p. pr. of praecedere: cf. F. pr[ e]c[ e]dent. See {Precede}.] Going before; anterior; preceding; antecedent; as, precedent services. Shak. A precedent injury. Bacon. [1913 Webster] {Condition precedent}… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • Precedent — Prec e*dent, n. 1. Something done or said that may serve as an example to authorize a subsequent act of the same kind; an authoritative example. [1913 Webster] Examples for cases can but direct as precedents only. Hooker. [1913 Webster] 2. A… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • precedent — [prē sēd′ nt, prisēd′ nt; ] for n. [ pres′ə dənt] adj. [ME < MFr précédent < L praecedens, prp. of praecedere, to PRECEDE] that precedes; preceding n. precedent 1. an act, statement, legal decision, case, etc. that may serve as an example,… …   English World dictionary

  • precedent — (n.) early 15c., case which may be taken as a rule in similar cases, from M.Fr. precedent, from L. praecedentum (nom. praecedens), prp. of praecedere go before (see PRECEDE (Cf. precede)). Meaning thing or person that goes before another is… …   Etymology dictionary

  • precedent — précédent DEFINICIJA v. presedan …   Hrvatski jezični portal

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