supreme court
su·preme court n
1: the highest court in a nation or state; specif cap S&C: the highest court in the judicial branch of the U.S. government that has original jurisdiction over controversies involving ambassadors or other ministers or consuls but whose main activity is as the court of last resort exercising appellate jurisdiction over cases involving federal law
2 cap S&C: a court of original jurisdiction in New York
◇ The court of last resort in New York is the Court of Appeals.

Merriam-Webster’s Dictionary of Law. . 1996.

Supreme Court
n.
The highest court in a state or in the United States; the court of last resort in many states and in the United States; also used as a name for a court of general jurisdiction in some states.

The Essential Law Dictionary. — Sphinx Publishing, An imprint of Sourcebooks, Inc. . 2008.


Supreme Court
1. the highest federal court in the USA. It comprises nine justices appointed by the President with the two-thirds majority consent of Senate. The court deals with federal law mainly on appeal but also at first instance. It was Chief Justice Marshall in Marbury v . Madison 1 Cranch 137 (1803) who arrogated to the court the power to strike down federal law as well as state laws. Its superiority even to the President has emerged from Youngstoun Sheet & Tube Co. v . Sawyer 343 US 579 (1952) and United States v . Nixon 418 US 683 (1974).
2. Supreme Court of Judicature is the Court of Appeal and the High Court.
3. in Scotland the Court of Session, which is subject to an appeal to the House of Lords and comprises a first instance Outer House and appellate Inner House, is sometimes described as the supreme court.
4. in Ireland, the court of final appeal, created by Article 34 of the constitution, consisting of a Chief Justice and other judges of whom five must sit on constitutional cases and three on others. It deals with appeals from the High Court on civil matters and from the Central Criminal Court as well as giving its opinion on the constitutionality of legislation passed by the Oireachtas when the President so requests.

Collins dictionary of law. . 2001.


Supreme Court
America's highest court, which has the final power to decide cases based on federal statutes or the U.S. Constitution, cases in which the U.S. government is a party, or in certain lawsuits between parties in different states. The U.S. Supreme Court has nine justices — one of whom is the Chief Justice — who are appointed for life by the president and must be confirmed by the U.S. Senate. Most states also have a supreme court, which is the final arbiter of the state's constitution and state laws. However, in several states, the highest state court uses a different name.
Category: Small Claims Court & Lawsuits

Nolo’s Plain-English Law Dictionary. . 2009.


supreme court
An appellate tribunal with high powers and broad authority within its jurisdiction.

Dictionary from West's Encyclopedia of American Law. 2005.


supreme court
An appellate tribunal with high powers and broad authority within its jurisdiction.

Short Dictionary of (mostly American) Legal Terms and Abbreviations.

Supreme Court
n.
   1) the highest court in the United States, which has the ultimate power to decide constitutional questions and other appeals based on the jurisdiction granted by the Constitution, including cases based on federal statutes, between citizens of different states, and when the federal government is a party. The court is made up of nine members appointed for life by the President of the United States, with confirmation required by the Senate. One of the nine is the Chief Justice (appointed by the President if there is a vacancy), and the others are Associate Justices.
   2) the ultimate appeals court in every state except Maryland and New York (which call the highest court the Court of Appeals).
   3) in New York a Supreme Court is a basic trial court much like a superior, county or district court in other states.
   See also: court

Law dictionary. . 2013.

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