case
case 1 n [Latin casus accident, event, set of circumstances, literally, act of falling]
1 a: a civil or criminal suit or action
the judicial power shall extend to all case s, in law and equity, arising under this ConstitutionU.S. Constitution art. III see also controversy
case at bar: a case being considered by the court
the facts of the case at bar
case of first im·pres·sion: a case that presents an issue or question never before decided or considered by the court
com·pan·ion case: a case that is heard with another case because it involves similar or related questions of law
test case
1: a representative case whose outcome will serve as precedent for future cases and esp. for pending cases involving similar or related issues or circumstances and often some of the same parties
◇ A test case is selected from a number of cases in order to avoid a flood of litigation. All of the parties to the cases must agree to accept the outcome of the test case as binding.
2: a proceeding usu. in the form of a suit for injunction brought to obtain a decision as to the constitutionality of a statute
b: the reported facts, procedural history, and esp. decision in an action
land·mark case: a case that marks a significant turning point on a particular issue
lead·ing case: a case so well reasoned and important in the rules of law determined and in the principles declared that it becomes well-known and is frequently cited by courts and lawyers as settling the points of law ruled upon and as useful in resolving new questions of law
c: the evidence and arguments presented by a party in court see also case stated
case in chief: the main part of a party's case including arguments for which the party bears the burden of proof but not including rebuttal
prima facie case: a case established by evidence that is sufficient to raise a presumption of fact or establish the fact in question unless rebutted
case 2 vt cased, cas·ing: to inspect or study with intent to rob
casing a store

Merriam-Webster’s Dictionary of Law. . 1996.

case
I (example) noun demonstration, exemplification, illustration, instance, model, occurrence, paradigm, representative, representative selection, sample, specimen, type II (lawsuit) noun action, cause, claim, contention, controversy, court action, dissension, judicial contest, legal argument, legal dispute, legal issue, legal proceedings, litigation, matter, matter for judgment, proceedings, suit, suit at law associated concepts: case arising under laws of the United States, case arising under the Constitution, case at common law, case in equity, case law, case of fraud, case on appeal, case or controversy, criminal case, dismissal of a case, divorce case, equity case, homicide case, injunction case, judicial case, jury case, justiciable case, law case, law of the case, leading case, meritorious case, pending case, prima facie case, sufficient case for jury, trespass on the case foreign phrases:
- Secta est pugna civilis; sicut actores armantur actionibus, et, quasi, a ccinguntur gladiis, ita rei muniuntur exceptionibus, et defenduntur, quasi c lypeis. — A suit is a civil battle; for as the plaintiffs are armed with actions, and, as it were, girded with swords, so the defendants are fortified with pleas, and are defended, as it were, with shields.
- In consimili casu, consimile debet esse remedium. — In similar cases, the remedy should be similar.
- Ubi non est directa lex, standum est arbitrio fudicis, vel procedendum ad similia. — Where there is no direct law, the decision of the judge is to be taken, or references to be made to similar cases.
- Certa debet esse intentio, et narratio et certum fundamentum, et certa res quae deducitur in judicium. — The intention, declaration, foundation, and matter brought to the court to be tried ought to be certain.
III (set of circumstances) noun affairs, arrangement, background, circumstance, condition, conjuncture, context, course of events, existing state, factors, grounds, juncture, milieu, occurrence, place, plight, point, position, posture, predicament, set of facts, setting, situation, standing, state, state of affairs, status, terms IV index action (proceeding), cause (lawsuit), check (inspect), complaint, controversy (lawsuit), day in court, enshroud, example, incident, instance, lawsuit, matter (subject), particular, patient, plight, predicament, proceeding, question (issue), situation, subject (object), suit, trial (legal proceeding)

Burton's Legal Thesaurus. . 2006


case
n.
(1) A legal action or lawsuit to be decided in a court of law or equity.
(2) The legal arguments and evidence used by one side of a lawsuit to support its position.

The Essential Law Dictionary. — Sphinx Publishing, An imprint of Sourcebooks, Inc. . 2008.


case
1) A cause of action, lawsuit, or the right to sue (as in, "Do I have a case?").
2) A written decision of a court that is reported in official "reporters" and can be cited as precedent for other cases.
Category: Accidents & Injuries
Category: Representing Yourself in Court
Category: Small Claims Court
Category: Small Claims Court & Lawsuits

Nolo’s Plain-English Law Dictionary. . 2009.


case
n.
1 An action, cause of action, controversy, proceeding, or suit at law or in equity filed with a court.
3 The aggregate of the evidence presented at trial by a party in support of their argument or position.
@ agreed case
@ case at bar
A case that is proceeding towards resolution or trial or is under the particular or immediate attention of the court. Also called instant case and present case.
See also bar, sub judice.
@ case in chief
The primary case presented by a party that satisfies that party's initial burden of proof, as distinguished from the "rebuttal case".
@ case on point
A previously decided case with facts or legal issues that were similar or comparable to those in a case at bar.
See also precedent.
@ case of first impression
A case that presents a legal issue that has never been considered or decided by any court in that jurisdiction.
See also stare decisis.
@ instant case
A case that is proceeding towards resolution or trial or is under the particular or immediate attention of the court. Also called case at bar and present case.
@ present case
A case that is proceeding towards resolution or trial or is under the particular or immediate attention of the court. Also called instant case and case at bar.
@ test case
@ test case/action
A case initiated or selected from a group of cases that involve the same or substantially similar facts and questions of law for the purpose of testing the constitutionality of a law or establishing an important legal principle.
@ prima facie case
The evidence presented at trial by a party that is sufficient to satisfy the party's burden of proof and to allow the fact-finder to decide the case in that party's favor.
n. A case supported by at least the minimal amount of evidence needed to meet the requirement for trying it; adequate to be able to avoid a directed verdict or a motion to dismiss.
@ rebuttal case
The evidence presented at trial by the plaintiff or prosecution to contradict the evidence presented during the defendant's case in chief.
@ surrebuttal case
The evidence presented at trial by the defendant to contradict the evidence presented in the plaintiff's or prosecution's rebuttal case.
@

Webster's New World Law Dictionary. . 2000.


case
A general term for any action, cause of action, lawsuit, or controversy. All the evidence and testimony compiled and organized by one party in a lawsuit to prove that party's version of the controversy at a trial in court.

Dictionary from West's Encyclopedia of American Law. 2005.


case
A general term for any action, cause of action, lawsuit, or controversy. All the evidence and testimony compiled and organized by one party in a lawsuit to prove that party's version of the controversy at a trial in court.

Short Dictionary of (mostly American) Legal Terms and Abbreviations.

case
n.
   short for a cause of action, lawsuit, or the right to sue (as in "does he have a case against Jones?"). It is also shorthand for the reported decisions (appeals, certain decisions of federal courts and special courts such as the tax court) which can be cited as precedents. Thus, "in the case of Malarkey v. Hogwash Printing Company, the court stated the rule as:."

Law dictionary. . 2013.

Synonyms:

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  • case — [keɪs] noun [countable] 1. TRANSPORT a large box or container in which things can be stored or moved: • packing cases full of equipment case of • a case of 10,000 cigarettes and several cases of spirits see also …   Financial and business terms

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  • case — case; case·less; case·mate; case·mat·ed; case·ment; case·ment·ed; dis·case; en·case; en·case·ment; hip·pu·ri·case; lac·case; re·case; smear·case; un·case; uri·case; rep·li·case; in·case·ment; …   English syllables

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