sheriff


sheriff
sher·iff n [Old English scīrgerēfa, from scīr shire + gerēfa reeve (king's agent)]: an official of a county or parish charged primarily with judicial duties (as executing the processes and orders of courts and judges)

Merriam-Webster’s Dictionary of Law. . 1996.

sheriff
index peace officer

Burton's Legal Thesaurus. . 2006


sheriff
n.
An officer elected by a county to keep the peace, enforce laws, serve process, execute judgments, and perform other such duties; the term is also sometimes used to refer to a deputy sheriff or sheriff’s deputy.

The Essential Law Dictionary. — Sphinx Publishing, An imprint of Sourcebooks, Inc. . 2008.


sheriff
the shire reeve. In England, the sheriff is the chief officer of the county. The sheriff is the official to whom judgments of the High Court are sent for enforcement although in practice enforcement is carried out by the under-sheriff. In cases where the sheriff cannot act, writs are sent to the coroner and then passed to the under-sheriff to act for the coroner. In Scotland, the sheriff is a judge who sits in the Sheriff Court with powers to deal with many civil actions, including many of unlimited value, and a criminal jurisdiction to sentence for up to three years if sitting with a jury.

Collins dictionary of law. . 2001.


sheriff
The top law enforcement officer for a county, usually elected, who is responsible for police protection outside of incorporated cities, management of the county jail, and providing bailiffs for protection of the courts. The sheriff's uniformed police are called deputy sheriffs. A sheriff also handles civil activities like serving summons, subpenas, and writs, conducting judgment sales, and fulfilling various functions ordered by the courts.
Category: Small Claims Court & Lawsuits

Nolo’s Plain-English Law Dictionary. . 2009.


sheriff
Usually the chief peace officer of a county.

Dictionary from West's Encyclopedia of American Law. 2005.


sheriff
I
Usually the chief peace officer of a county.
II The executive officer of local court in some areas. In other jurisdictions the sheriff is the chief law enforcement officer of a county.

Short Dictionary of (mostly American) Legal Terms and Abbreviations.

sheriff
n.
   the top law enforcement officer for a county, usually elected and responsible for police protection outside of incorporated cities, management of the county jail, providing bailiffs for protection of the courts, and such civil activities as serving summonses, subpenas and writs, conducting judgment sales, and fulfilling various functions ordered by the courts. The office was brought to the United States from England and is unknown in most nations which use federal and state police. Canada, for example, has the highly professional Royal Canadian Mounted Police (and its Quebec equivalent) to serve for most non-municipal law enforcement. The position of sheriff has been criticized as lacking training standards, being overly political, not being coordinated with other jurisdictions, and being hampered by its lack of authority beyond the county line except when in "hot pursuit" of a suspect who crosses the county line. The sheriff's uniformed police are called "deputy sheriffs," with the number two person often entitled "under sheriff."
   See also: bailiff, sheriff's sale

Law dictionary. . 2013.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • SHERIFF — SHERI Fonctionnaire royal en Angleterre, dans les territoires dépendants et en Écosse. La fonction existe dès l’époque anglo saxonne et a été étendue, après la conquête, dans toute l’Angleterre; elle est ensuite créée en Irlande et au Pays de… …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • Sheriff — Sher iff, n. [OE. shereve, AS. sc[=i]r ger?fa; sc[=i]r a shire + ger?fa a reeve. See Shire, and {Reeve}, and cf. {Shrievalty}.] The chief officer of a shire or county, to whom is intrusted the execution of the laws, the serving of judicial writs… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • Shériff — Sheriff (homonymie) Cette page d’homonymie répertorie les différents sujets et articles partageant un même nom.  Pour l’article homophone, voir Chérif. Sheriff peut faire référence à La forme anglaise de Shérif, une fonction politique et… …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Sheriff — Sm (ein hoher Verwaltungs bzw. Vollzugsbeamter) erw. exot. (20. Jh.) Entlehnung. Entlehnt aus ne. sheriff, dieses aus ae. scīrgerēfa Grafschaftsvogt , zu ae. scīr f. Verwaltungsbezirk und ae. gerēfa hoher Verwaltungsbeamter . Unter dem entlehnten …   Etymologisches Wörterbuch der deutschen sprache

  • SHERIFF — is a telecom fraud detection and management system, originally developed by BT and MCI. SHERIFF is an acronym for Statistical Heuristic Engine to Reliably and Intelligently Fight Fraud …   Wikipedia

  • Sheriff — (engl., spr. schérrif, v. angelsächs. scirgerefa, »Hüter oder Richter der Grafschaft«), in England der von der Krone bestellte erste richterliche Beamte einer, Grafschaft. Jede Grafschaft hat einen S. (High S.); nur die City von London hat deren… …   Meyers Großes Konversations-Lexikon

  • sheriff — (ingl.; pronunc. [shérif]; pl. «sheriffs») m. En Estados Unidos, funcionario encargado de mantener la ley y el orden en un distrito. Las películas llamadas «del Oeste» (el Oeste de los Estados Unidos) han generalizado este término entre los… …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • sheriff — Voz inglesa (pron. [shérif]) con que se designa al representante de la justicia que se encarga de hacer cumplir la ley en los Estados Unidos de América y en ciertas regiones y condados británicos: «La película arranca del hallazgo en el desierto… …   Diccionario panhispánico de dudas

  • sheriff — (n.) late O.E. scirgerefa representative of royal authority in a shire, from scir (see SHIRE (Cf. shire)) + gerefa chief, official, reeve (see REEVE (Cf. reeve)). In Anglo Saxon England, the representative of royal authority in a shire. As an… …   Etymology dictionary

  • sheriff — ► NOUN 1) (also high sheriff) (in England and Wales) the chief executive officer of the Crown in a county. 2) an honorary officer elected annually in some English towns. 3) (in Scotland) a judge. 4) US an elected officer in a county, responsible… …   English terms dictionary